15 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Trypanosomiasis: Skin deep

    Aitor Casas-Sánchez, Álvaro Acosta-Serrano
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gene Variation: The double-edged sword of evolution

    Etty Kruzel-Davila, Karl Skorecki
    Two gene variants provide different levels of protection against sleeping sickness, but this comes with an increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    APOL1 renal risk variants have contrasting resistance and susceptibility associations with African trypanosomiasis

    Anneli Cooper et al.
    Common kidney disease risk variants in African populations are associated with reduced susceptibility to deadly African trypanosomes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The skin is a significant but overlooked anatomical reservoir for vector-borne African trypanosomes

    Paul Capewell et al.
    African trypanosomes residing within the skin of infected humans represent an important yet overlooked transmissible parasite population that may thwart efforts to eliminate African sleeping sickness.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Population genomics reveals the origin and asexual evolution of human infective trypanosomes

    William Weir et al.
    The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei gambiense has undergone recent clonal evolution that reveals the theoretically predicted Meselson effect at a genome-wide level.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Crucial role for T cell-intrinsic IL-18R-MyD88 signaling in cognate immune response to intracellular parasite infection

    Ana-Carolina Oliveira et al.
    Development of a robust Th1 response to infection against an intracellular parasite requires T-cell intrinsic MyD88 signaling, mostly through the upstream IL-18 receptor, for the induction of genes involved in proliferation, cytokine production and migration.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural basis for ligand and innate immunity factor uptake by the trypanosome haptoglobin-haemoglobin receptor

    Harriet Lane-Serff et al.
    The structure of the trypanosome haptoglobin-haemoglobin receptor bound to its ligand reveals the molecular basis for ligand recognition in innate immunity and identifies molecular determinants that aid efficient uptake.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Relief of autoinhibition by conformational switch explains enzyme activation by a catalytically dead paralog

    Oleg A Volkov et al.
    A catalytically dead paralog activates its cognate enzyme through an allosteric mechanism that combined structural and phylogenomic analysis indicates arose through acquisition of a dimerization domain, suggesting a general model for how complex allostery evolves.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Present-day central African forest is a legacy of the 19th century human history

    Julie Morin-Rivat et al.
    The cessation of major anthropogenic disturbances since European colonization in the forests of central Africa leads to a canopy closing, and to the disappearance of certain light-demanding tree species.

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