116 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Profiling sensory neuron microenvironment after peripheral and central axon injury reveals key pathways for neural repair

    Oshri Avraham et al.
    The microenvironment surrounding sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia responds differently to peripheral and central injuries, revealing that non-neuronal cells can be manipulated to promote axon regeneration after central injury.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Identification of neural progenitor cells and their progeny reveals long distance migration in the developing octopus brain

    Astrid Deryckere et al.
    Neurogenic progenitor cells surrounding the eye placode generate neurons that migrate over long distances to the developing octopus brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gjd2b-mediated gap junctions promote glutamatergic synapse formation and dendritic elaboration in Purkinje neurons

    Sahana Sitaraman et al.
    A protein that is a building block of intercellular bridges between neurons promotes their ability to grow dendrites and make synapses.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Murine muscle stem cell response to perturbations of the neuromuscular junction are attenuated with aging

    Jacqueline A Larouche et al.
    Muscle stem cells locally respond to perturbations of motor neurons and the neuromuscular junction.
    1. Cell Biology

    CEP78 functions downstream of CEP350 to control biogenesis of primary cilia by negatively regulating CP110 levels

    André Brás Gonçalves et al.
    Analysis of mutant cells combined with biochemical experiments reveals that CEP78 is recruited to the centrosome by CEP350 and regulates ciliogenesis and ciliary length control through CP110-dependent and CP110-independent mechanisms, respectively.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Heterochromatin-dependent transcription of satellite DNAs in the Drosophila melanogaster female germline

    Xiaolu Wei et al.
    The piRNA pathway regulates satellite DNAs in the Drosophila melanogaster germline and affects heterochromatin establishment at pericentromeric satellite DNA in embryos, implying a general role for piRNAs in ensuring genome stability.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Epi-mutations for spermatogenic defects by maternal exposure to di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

    Yukiko Tando et al.
    Gene analyses reveal the abnormal DNA methylation and expression of the genes essential for spermatogenesis as a cause of spermatogenic defects in offspring induced by maternal exposure of a chemical.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dynamics of primitive streak regression controls the fate of neuromesodermal progenitors in the chicken embryo

    Charlene Guillot et al.
    Inverse gradients of cell ingression and division in the epiblast allow the bipotent progenitors in the anterior streak to become the main progenitors for posterior axis formation from the tail bud.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The biphasic and age-dependent impact of klotho on hallmarks of aging and skeletal muscle function

    Zachary Clemens et al.
    Transcriptomic analysis using a novel information-based network entropy approach provides mechanistic insights into the ability of Klotho to successfully ameliorate age-related sarcopenia in old mice, but not oldest-old mice.

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