96 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased expression of heme-binding protein 1 early in Alzheimer's disease is linked to neurotoxicity

    Oleksandr Yagensky et al.
    Increased levels of brain Hebp1 starting from the presymptomatic stage of Alzheimer’s disease contributes to progressive neuronal loss by triggering mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis in neurons exposed to elevated heme.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and functional insights into the bona fide catalytic state of Streptococcus pyogenes Cas9 HNH nuclease domain

    Zhicheng Zuo et al.
    The catalytic activation of the Cas9 HNH domain involves a unique conformational change in the ββα-metal motif that is collectively driven by the interactions with the metal ions and DNA.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Toxoplasma gondii infection drives conversion of NK cells into ILC1-like cells

    Eugene Park et al.
    Toxoplasma gondii infection leads to conversion of natural killer cells into cells resembling innate lymphoid cells, group 1, that circulate widely, disrupting current notions suggesting that these cells have distinct lineages.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ataxin-7 and Non-stop coordinate SCAR protein levels, subcellular localization, and actin cytoskeleton organization

    Veronica Cloud et al.
    An unbiased biochemical screen reveals a direct link between gene regulation and actin cytoskeleton remodeling.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Proteome-wide signatures of function in highly diverged intrinsically disordered regions

    Taraneh Zarin et al.
    Widespread, rapidly evolving disordered regions contain molecular features that are preserved over evolution and are associated with specific biological functions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Expression of WIPI2B counteracts age-related decline in autophagosome biogenesis in neurons

    Andrea KH Stavoe et al.
    The dynamic phosphorylation of autophagy component WIPI2B is critical to maintain autophagosome biogenesis in neurons, and ectopic expression of WIPI2B can restore rates of autophagosome biogenesis in aged neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The long non-coding RNA Cerox1 is a post transcriptional regulator of mitochondrial complex I catalytic activity

    Tamara M Sirey et al.
    Mitochondrial energy metabolism is post-transcriptionally regulated through an interplay between long and short non-coding RNAs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mutant huntingtin impairs PNKP and ATXN3, disrupting DNA repair and transcription

    Rui Gao et al.
    Polyglutamine expansion in mutant huntingtin disrupts a novel transcription-coupled DNA repair complex, providing an undescribed mechanism of neuronal toxicity and degeneration in Huntington's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping the transcriptional diversity of genetically and anatomically defined cell populations in the mouse brain

    Ken Sugino et al.
    A transcriptome dataset of nearly 200 genetically identified mouse neuronal cell types revealed that short low-noise homeobox transcription factors and long neuronal effector genes best distinguish neuronal cell types.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mutant huntingtin enhances activation of dendritic Kv4 K+ channels in striatal spiny projection neurons

    Luis Carrillo-Reid et al.
    In mouse models of Huntington's disease, striatal spiny projection neurons up-regulate dendritic potassium channels, which impairs their normal function, but a zinc finger gene therapy can reverse this deficit.

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