17 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A deleterious gene-by-environment interaction imposed by calcium channel blockers in Marfan syndrome

    Jefferson J Doyle et al.
    Calcium channel blockers accelerate aortic aneurysm and cause premature aortic rupture in a mouse model of Marfan syndrome through protein kinase C-mediated activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A family of fluoride-specific ion channels with dual-topology architecture

    Randy B Stockbridge et al.
    Efflux of xenobiotic fluoride from microorganisms occurs through a novel family of ion channels with stringent selectivity for fluoride ion and dual-topology molecular architecture.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures reveal opening of the store-operated calcium channel Orai

    Xiaowei Hou et al.
    The structure of the calcium channel Orai in an open conformation reveals a dilated pore and gives insight into mechanisms of ion permeation and calcium selectivity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of Vps4 with circular peptides and implications for translocation of two polypeptide chains by AAA+ ATPases

    Han Han et al.
    Structural and biochemical studies indicate that AAA+ ATPase employ a general mechanism to translocate a variety of substrates, including extended polypeptides, hairpins, crosslinked chains, and chains conjugated to other molecules.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Chemical structure-guided design of dynapyrazoles, cell-permeable dynein inhibitors with a unique mode of action

    Jonathan B Steinman et al.
    Analyses of the chemical structure of ciliobrevins led to dynein inhibitors with improved properties and higher potency.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insight into the activation of a class B G-protein-coupled receptor by peptide hormones in live human cells

    Lisa Seidel et al.
    Agonist and antagonist peptides of the corticotropin-releasing factor receptor type 1 adopt different folds and stabilize distinct conformations of the receptor transmembrane domain, which involves tilting of helices VI and VII around conserved glycine hinges.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Glutaminase 2 is a novel negative regulator of small GTPase Rac1 and mediates p53 function in suppressing metastasis

    Cen Zhang et al.
    The GLS2 enzyme suppresses cancer metastasis by interacting with the small GTPase Rac1 and inhibiting its activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Assembling the Tat protein translocase

    Felicity Alcock et al.
    Evolutionary bioinformatics and experimentation are applied to the components of the Tat protein transport system to elucidate the structure of the membrane-bound receptor complex and to deduce a molecular description for its substrate-triggered activation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    AMPylation matches BiP activity to client protein load in the endoplasmic reticulum

    Steffen Preissler et al.
    Attaching a molecule of adenosine mono-phosphate (AMP) to the BiP protein at threonine 518 regulates its chaperone activity in the endoplasmic reticulum.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Co-targeting the tumor endothelium and P-selectin-expressing glioblastoma cells leads to a remarkable therapeutic outcome

    Shiran Ferber et al.
    Treatment with precision nanomedicine in combination with an anti-angiogenic peptide enhance anti-tumor efficacy while minimizing toxicities in a pre-clinical glioblastoma model, making this approach a promising and important therapeutic alternative for patients.

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