592 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Propensity for somatic expansion increases over the course of life in Huntington disease

    Radhia Kacher et al.
    Somatic instability of the CAG repeat increases progressively with age and disease progression in Huntington disease mutation carriers, starting with low levels in fetal brain tissues.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Sex differences in biological aging with a focus on human studies

    Sara Hägg, Juulia Jylhävä
    Biological aging processes and age-related diseases demonstrate sexual dimorphism where complex interactions between underlying aging mechanisms and sex chromosomes and hormones are seen in humans and animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    DIAPH3 deficiency links microtubules to mitotic errors, defective neurogenesis, and brain dysfunction

    Eva On-Chai Lau et al.
    DIAPH3 safeguards integrity of microtubule cytoskeleton during division of neural progenitor cells.
    1. Medicine

    Asprosin-neutralizing antibodies as a treatment for metabolic syndrome

    Ila Mishra et al.
    Anti-asprosin monoclonal antibodies, a promising pharmacotherapy for the treatment of metabolic syndrome-associated hyperglycemia, obesity, and dyslipidemia.
    1. Cell Biology

    Adiponectin preserves metabolic fitness during aging

    Na Li et al.
    Adiponectin is an essential regulator for healthspan and is indispensable for sustaining a normal lifespan.
    1. Neuroscience

    Egr2 induction in spiny projection neurons of the ventrolateral striatum contributes to cocaine place preference in mice

    Diptendu Mukherjee et al.
    The ventrolateral striatum is found to be recruited during the encoding of cocaine preference, within which Egr2-expressing ensembles are functionally important, as is the expression of Egr2 within them.
    1. Neuroscience

    Male pheromones modulate synaptic transmission at the C. elegans neuromuscular junction in a sexually dimorphic manner

    Kang-Ying Qian et al.
    Male pheromone environment increases the cholinergic synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites during development, decreasing hermaphrodites' locomotion activity and promoting mating efficiency.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    SARS-CoV-2 suppresses anticoagulant and fibrinolytic gene expression in the lung

    Alan E Mast et al.
    Transcription changes in cells taken from bronchoalveolar fluid of COVID-19 patients indicate severe disruption of coagulation and fibrinolytic pathways in the lung and suggest similar processes in other organs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    An open label trial of anakinra to prevent respiratory failure in COVID-19

    Evdoxia Kyriazopoulou et al.
    Early suPAR-guided anakinra decreases the risk for severe respiratory failure in SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia and restores the pro-/anti-inflammatory balance.

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