443 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanical inhibition of isolated Vo from V/A-ATPase for proton conductance

    Jun-ichi Kishikawa et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of rotary V-ATPase reveal the ON-OFF switching mechanism of H+ translocation in the Vo membrane domain.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Delta-like 1 and Delta-like 4 differently require their extracellular domains for triggering Notch signaling in mice

    Ken-ichi Hirano et al.
    Notch ligand, Dll4 needs the flexible loop structure in the MNNL domain of the extracellular region to efficiently trigger the Notch signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for histone variant H3tK27me3 recognition by PHF1 and PHF19

    Cheng Dong et al.
    Complex structures of Tudor domains of PHF1/19 with H3tK27me3 provide structural basis for preferential recognition of H3tK27me3 over canonical H3K27me3, implicating that H3tK27me3 might be a physiological ligand of PHF1/19.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting on prosociality in corvids

    Lisa Horn et al.
    A systematic experimental comparison of prosocial behavior in eight corvid species reveals sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting, thereby adding important new insights regarding the evolution of prosociality.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal V2b neurons reveal a role for ipsilateral inhibition in speed control

    Rebecca A Callahan et al.
    Two anatomically and genetically distinct subtypes of spinal V2b neurons provide inhibition onto motor circuits and serve as a brake on locomotor speed.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Impact of nucleic acid and methylated H3K9 binding activities of Suv39h1 on its heterochromatin assembly

    Atsuko Shirai et al.
    Suv39h1 chromodomain possesses nucleic acid-binding activity and this activity is coupled with its H3K9 methylation recognition in assembling heterochromatin.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Essential role for SUN5 in anchoring sperm head to the tail

    Yongliang Shang et al.
    SUN5 is essential for the tight junction between sperm head and the head-tail coupling apparatus, and is the main cause of human acephalic spermatozoa syndrome.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A mutant with bilateral whisker to barrel inputs unveils somatosensory mapping rules in the cerebral cortex

    Nicolas Renier et al.
    The somatosensory cortex doesn't integrate mixed bilateral inputs, as partially uncrossing projections from the whiskers duplicates their representation by segregating lateralized inputs from each side of the head.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Antigen presentation and tumor immunogenicity in cancer immunotherapy response prediction

    Shixiang Wang et al.
    Tumor immunogenicity is quantified with a novel method, and the resulting tumor immunogenicity score is an effective tumor-inherent biomarker for prediction of response to immune checkpoint inhibitors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intercollicular commissural connections refine the representation of sound frequency and level in the auditory midbrain

    Llwyd David Orton, Adrian Rees
    Deactivation of one side of the auditory midbrain while recording in the other shows that the two sides cooperate in processing frequency and in enhancing the encoding of sound level.

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