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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Long non-coding RNA GRASLND enhances chondrogenesis via suppression of the interferon type II signaling pathway

    Nguyen PT Huynh et al.
    Bioinformatic analysis of mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis identified a novel long noncoding RNA, GRASLND, which suppresses interferon signaling and enhances chondrogenesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpu is a potent transcriptional suppressor of NF-κB-elicited antiviral immune responses

    Simon Langer et al.
    By inhibiting the activation of NF-κB, HIV-1 Vpu exerts much broader immunosuppressive effects than previously anticipated and may be an important determinant of chronic inflammation in HIV-1 infected individuals.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    DNA-PK is a DNA sensor for IRF-3-dependent innate immunity

    Brian J Ferguson et al.
    Experiments in mice have shown than an enzyme that repairs broken DNA inside the nucleus also has a central role in the innate immune system because it is able to detect foreign DNA outside the nucleus.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide DNA hypomethylation and RNA:DNA hybrid accumulation in Aicardi–Goutières syndrome

    Yoong Wearn Lim et al.
    Global epigenetic perturbations and accumulation of RNA:DNA hybrids are two novel hallmarks of the lupus-like inflammatory disorder Aicardi-Goutières syndrome.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Re-expression of SMARCA4/BRG1 in small cell carcinoma of ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT) promotes an epithelial-like gene signature through an AP-1-dependent mechanism

    Krystal Ann Orlando et al.
    BRG1 loss drives initiation and progression in human cancers through changes in specific differentiation programs in an AP-1-dependent manner.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Distinct effects of complement and of NLRP3- and non-NLRP3 inflammasomes for choroidal neovascularization

    Jakob Malsy et al.
    Characterization of the effects of complement- and inflammasome-mediated inflammation on choroidal neovascularization in a mouse model of neovascular age-related macular degeneration suggests synergistic benefits from targeting both forms of inflammation.