70 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Homology-guided identification of a conserved motif linking the antiviral functions of IFITM3 to its oligomeric state

    Kazi Rahman et al.
    A disease-associated polymorphism in a related protein that regulates neurotransmitter release reveals that antiviral protein IFITM3 forms oligomers to rigidify membranes and inhibit virus fusion with cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolution-guided functional analyses reveal diverse antiviral specificities encoded by IFIT1 genes in mammals

    Matthew D Daugherty et al.
    Evolutionary innovation and turnover in the IFIT1 antiviral gene family has led to diverse repertoires of antiviral specificity across mammals.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Ambra1 spatially regulates Src activity and Src/FAK-mediated cancer cell invasion via trafficking networks

    Christina Schoenherr et al.
    Ambra1 is a Src "spatial rheostat".
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A virus-packageable CRISPR screen identifies host factors mediating interferon inhibition of HIV

    Molly OhAinle et al.
    Host restriction factors that block cross-species transmission also play a role in limiting the replication of highly-adapted HIV-1 in IFN-stimulated cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PHLPP1 counter-regulates STAT1-mediated inflammatory signaling

    Ksenya Cohen Katsenelson et al.
    Uncovering a mechanism for how inflammatory signaling is opposed by a phosphatase identifies a potential druggable target to treat E. coli sepsis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HSV-1 single-cell analysis reveals the activation of anti-viral and developmental programs in distinct sub-populations

    Nir Drayman et al.
    Single-cell analyses of cells infected by Herpes Simplex Virus 1 revealed extreme heterogeneity among infected cells, including the robust activation of developmental gene programs in highly infected cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpr antagonizes innate immune activation by targeting karyopherin-mediated NF-κB/IRF3 nuclear transport

    Hataf Khan et al.
    HIV-1 Vpr antagonises innate immune sensing of viral and non-viral stimuli by preventing activated IRF3 and NF-κB nuclear transport.
    1. Cell Biology

    TRAIN (Transcription of Repeats Activates INterferon) in response to chromatin destabilization induced by small molecules in mammalian cells

    Katerina Leonova et al.
    Type I interferon signaling protects cells from the loss of epigenetic integrity, since it is activated in cells in response to accumulation of transcripts originating from normally silenced heterochromatin, caused by small-molecule-mediated nucleosome unfolding.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Interferon alpha-inducible protein 6 regulates NRASQ61K-induced melanomagenesis and growth

    Romi Gupta et al.
    The protein IFI6 regulates DNA replication via the transcription factor E2F2, which is necessary for transformation and growth of melanomas induced by the NRASQ61K mutant oncogene product.

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