343 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The structure and dynamics of secretory component and its interactions with polymeric immunoglobulins

    Beth M Stadtmueller et al.
    The ectodomain of the human polymeric Ig receptor maintains a closed triangular shape that binds and excludes bacteria in mucosa, or opens to bind and transport polymeric Ig ligands across epithelial cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dlk1-Dio3 locus-derived lncRNAs perpetuate postmitotic motor neuron cell fate and subtype identity

    Ya-Ping Yen et al.
    LncRNAs are important to stabilize postmitotic cell fate of spinal motor neurons.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ratiometric sensing of BiP-client versus BiP levels by the unfolded protein response determines its signaling amplitude

    Anush Bakunts et al.
    Restoration of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostatis occurs when levels of the key ER resident chaperone BiP exceed those of accumulating ER clients.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Stereotyped terminal axon branching of leg motor neurons mediated by IgSF proteins DIP-α and Dpr10

    Lalanti Venkatasubramanian et al.
    Ig domain family members DIP-alpha and Dpr10 are required in a subset of Drosophila leg motor neurons and muscles, respectively, to establish their fine terminal branching pattern and synapses.
    1. Cell Biology

    Inadequate BiP availability defines endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Milena Vitale et al.
    The extent of (proteotoxic) endoplasmic reticulum stress, and the ensuing unfolded protein response activation, are commensurate with the extent of the chaperone BiP being sequestered by its client proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extended low-resolution structure of a Leptospira antigen offers high bactericidal antibody accessibility amenable to vaccine design

    Ching-Lin Hsieh et al.
    The antibody accessibility of the leptospiral surface protein, LigB, provides a guide for the rational design of improved recombinant chimeric vaccine antigens displayed on a single domain scaffold.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The structures of secretory and dimeric immunoglobulin A

    Sonya Kumar Bharathkar et al.
    The structures of secretory and dimeric IgA reveal pseudosymmetric assemblies of two antibody monomers, in which possible positions of antigen-binding fragments and accessibility to receptor-binding sites are limited.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reprogramming the antigen specificity of B cells using genome-editing technologies

    James E Voss et al.
    Antibody paratopes can be added to the human repertoire by CRISPR-Cas9 editing of B lymphocytes using a strategy that allows for hypermutation and class switching of resulting B cell receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microstructural organization of human insula is linked to its macrofunctional circuitry and predicts cognitive control

    Vinod Menon et al.
    In vivo quantitative analysis of multi-shell diffusion MRI reveals novel insights into microstructure of human insular cortex and its functional circuits associated with the salience network and cognitive control.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Galectin-9 regulates the threshold of B cell activation and autoimmunity

    Logan K Smith et al.
    Galectin-9-deficient mice develop spontaneous autoimmunity, driven by a decreased threshold of B cell activation and enhanced auto-antigen delivery to the spleen by increased B1a-derived autoantibodies.

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