625 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    IRS-1 acts as an endocytic regulator of IGF-I receptor to facilitate sustained IGF signaling

    Yosuke Yoneyama et al.
    IRS-1, a canonical signaling mediator of IGF-I receptor, serves as an endocytic regulator of IGF-I receptor to facilitate the sustained IGF signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How IGF-1 activates its receptor

    Jennifer M Kavran et al.
    Ligand binding to the ectodomain of the insulin-like growth factor receptor destabilises an autoinhibitory inter-subunit interaction, which allows the transmembrane domains to associate and the intracellular regions to autophosphorylate.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-122 supports robust innate immunity in hepatocytes by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway

    Hui Xu et al.
    The liver-specific miRNA microRNA-122 plays a previously unknown role in hepatocyte intrinsic innate immunity by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The insulin receptor cellular IRES confers resistance to eIF4A inhibition

    Calla M Olson et al.
    Utilizing a conserved mechanism, a ribosome can initiate translation from a site within the insulin receptor mRNA to maintain protein synthesis even when standard mechanisms of initiating translation have been inhibited by stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Neuroscience

    Structural and functional properties of a probabilistic model of neuronal connectivity in a simple locomotor network

    Andrea Ferrario et al.
    A new probabilistic model of connectivity reveals the structural and functional properties of the neural networks controlling locomotion in many individual tadpoles.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Conjunction of factors triggering waves of seasonal influenza

    Ishanu Chattopadhyay et al.
    Three complementary computational approaches reveal a set of putative causes of initiation of pan-USA waves of influenza.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.

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