2,101 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The insulin/IGF signaling cascade modulates SUMOylation to regulate aging and proteostasis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Lorna Moll et al.
    By controlling the SUMOylation of the protein CAR-1, the aging-regulating pathways downstream of the Insulin/IGF signaling cascade and of the germ cells of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are integrated.
    1. Cancer Biology

    IGF2 mRNA binding protein-2 is a tumor promoter that drives cancer proliferation through its client mRNAs IGF2 and HMGA1

    Ning Dai et al.
    The IGF2 mRNA binding protein-2/IMP2, overexpressed in many common cancers, drives cancer cell proliferation by increasing the abundance of IGF2 and the oncogene HMGA1, which controls a network of effectors that enhance IGF2 action.
    1. Cancer Biology

    FGF2-FGFR1 signaling regulates release of Leukemia-Protective exosomes from bone marrow stromal cells

    Nathalie Javidi-Sharifi et al.
    Inhibition of FGF2-FGFR1 signaling in bone marrow stroma attenuates secretion of FGF2-laden exosomes and subsequent protection of leukemia cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    IRS-1 acts as an endocytic regulator of IGF-I receptor to facilitate sustained IGF signaling

    Yosuke Yoneyama et al.
    IRS-1, a canonical signaling mediator of IGF-I receptor, serves as an endocytic regulator of IGF-I receptor to facilitate the sustained IGF signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How IGF-1 activates its receptor

    Jennifer M Kavran et al.
    Ligand binding to the ectodomain of the insulin-like growth factor receptor destabilises an autoinhibitory inter-subunit interaction, which allows the transmembrane domains to associate and the intracellular regions to autophosphorylate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute stress enhances adult rat hippocampal neurogenesis and activation of newborn neurons via secreted astrocytic FGF2

    Elizabeth D Kirby et al.
    Exposing rats to acute stress increased the generation of new neurons in a subregion of the hippocampus, and improved the animals' performance in a memory task two weeks later.
    1. Neuroscience

    A role for CIM6P/IGF2 receptor in memory consolidation and enhancement

    Xiao-Wen Yu et al.
    Cation-independent-mannose-6-phosphate-receptor, or insulin-like-growth-factor-2-receptor (CIM6P/IGF2R) expressed in the hippocampus controls the protein metabolism regulated by learning and required for memory consolidation, and is also a key mechanism for memory enhancement.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cardiac pathologies in mouse loss of imprinting models are due to misexpression of H19 long noncoding RNA

    Ki-Sun Park et al.
    Maternal loss of imprinting at the Igf2/H19 locus reduces expression of H19 lncRNA and thereby leads to progressive cardiac pathologies in a mouse Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Retrograde fibroblast growth factor 22 (FGF22) signaling regulates insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) expression for activity-dependent synapse stabilization in the mammalian brain

    Akiko Terauchi et al.
    Feedback signaling between the synapse and nucleus via FGF22 and IGF2 directs the activity-dependent stabilization of presynaptic terminals in the mouse hippocampus.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery of a small molecule that inhibits bacterial ribosome biogenesis

    Jonathan M Stokes et al.
    The anticonvulsant drug lamotrigine inhibits bacterial ribosome biogenesis and reveals an unexplored role for initiation factor 2 (IF2) in ribosome assembly.

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