1,289 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal hyperexcitability is a DLK-dependent trigger of herpes simplex virus reactivation that can be induced by IL-1

    Sean R Cuddy et al.
    Herpes simplex virus reactivates from a latent infection when neurons become hyperexcitable in response to an inflammatory cytokine known to be released during fever and stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lack of IL-1R8 in neurons causes hyperactivation of IL-1 receptor pathway and induces MECP2-dependent synaptic defects

    Romana Tomasoni et al.
    Excessive inflammation of the brain in early life predisposes individuals to neurodevelopmental disorders by preventing synapses from developing correctly.
    1. Cell Biology

    YOD1/TRAF6 association balances p62-dependent IL-1 signaling to NF-κB

    Gisela Schimmack et al.
    The deubiquitinating enzyme YOD1 binds to the E3 ligase TRAF6 to counteract p62/sequestosome1 mediated pro-inflammatory NF-κB signaling in response to interleukin-1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Induction of the IL-1RII decoy receptor by NFAT/FOXP3 blocks IL-1β-dependent response of Th17 cells

    Dong Hyun Kim et al.
    Cellular immunological and biochemical analyses reveal how decoy IL-1RII is induced by human CD4+ T cells upon TCR-stimulation and regulates the Th17-Treg balance by modulating IL-1β responsiveness in IL-1RI+ cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Stimulation of hair follicle stem cell proliferation through an IL-1 dependent activation of γδT-cells

    Pedro Lee et al.
    Wounded epidermal keratinocytes emit a signal that activates a specialized T-cell in the skin, leading to an increase in hair follicle stem cell numbers that contributes to tissue repair.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Differential cell autonomous responses determine the outcome of coxsackievirus infections in murine pancreatic α and β cells

    Laura Marroqui et al.
    Pancreatic α and β cells have different cell autonomous signatures; this explains why α but not β cells can clear infections by potentially diabetogenic viruses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dithranol targets keratinocytes, their crosstalk with neutrophils and inhibits the IL-36 inflammatory loop in psoriasis

    Theresa Benezeder et al.
    Targeting the differentiation regulators and/or AMPs of keratinocytes, rather than targeting immune cells, may be an alternative approach for topical anti-psoriatic treatment, an area with high need for new drugs.
    1. Cell Biology

    ERK3/MAPK6 controls IL-8 production and chemotaxis

    Katarzyna Bogucka et al.
    Understudied atypical MAPK, ERK3 controls epithelial secretome and chemotaxis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    c-Maf restrains T-bet-driven programming of CCR6-negative group 3 innate lymphoid cells

    Caroline Tizian et al.
    c-Maf is a novel key regulator of the type 3-to-1 conversion of CCR6 ILC3s that controls the functional plasticity of ILC3s by acting as a cell-intrinsic gatekeeper of T-bet expression.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phenotypic complementation of genetic immunodeficiency by chronic herpesvirus infection

    Donna A MacDuff et al.
    HOIL-1 deficiency in mice results in a severe immunodeficiency that is effectively complemented by chronic infection with a murine gamma-herpesvirus.

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