161 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The discriminatory power of the T cell receptor

    Johannes Pettmann et al.
    The ability of the T cell receptor to discriminate ligands is imperfect, allowing T cells to respond to ultra-low-affinity ligands.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Polymerization of misfolded Z alpha-1 antitrypsin protein lowers CX3CR1 expression in human PBMCs

    Srinu Tumpara et al.
    Finding that circulating Z alpha-1 antitrypsin polymers, a feature of ZZ AAT deficiency, lower the expression of CX3CR1 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells encourages more detailed analyses on different circulating misfolded proteins and their role on immune cell surveillance/function.
    1. Cancer Biology

    A systematic CRISPR screen reveals an IL-20/IL20RA-mediated immune crosstalk to prevent the ovarian cancer metastasis

    Jia Li et al.
    A genome-wide in vivo CRISPR screen identifies an IL-20/IL20RA-mediated crosstalk between peritoneum mesothelial cells and ovarian cancer cells that promotes the formation of M1-like macrophages to prevent ovarian cancer metastasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Canonical NF-κB signaling maintains corneal epithelial integrity and prevents corneal aging via retinoic acid

    Qian Yu et al.
    Corneal aging is regulated by the NF-κB-retinoic acid pathway and can be delayed by retinoic acid administration.
    1. Medicine

    Targeting a cell surface vitamin D receptor on tumor-associated macrophages in triple-negative breast cancer

    Fernanda I Staquicini et al.
    A peptide motif targeting tumor-infiltrating macrophage in triple-negative breast cancer delays tumor growth and favors an antitumor immune response.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A sustained type I IFN-neutrophil-IL-18 axis drives pathology during mucosal viral infection

    Tania Lebratti et al.
    Type I IFN is a key determinant of pathogenic neutrophil activity and drives tissue pathology through modulation of IL-18 levels during genital HSV infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Perinatal development of innate immune topology

    Philipp Henneke et al.
    At the transition from intrauterine to postnatal life, drastic environmental alterations are mirrored by changes in cellular immunity, which are in part immune cell intrinsic and have lasting health impact.
    1. Cell Biology

    Metabolic flexibility via mitochondrial BCAA carrier SLC25A44 is required for optimal fever

    Takeshi Yoneshiro et al.
    Genetic and cellular studies in rodents found branched-chain amino acids are critical nutrients that are transported and oxidized in the mitochondria through their carrier MBC for optimal febrile responses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fate mapping analysis reveals a novel murine dermal migratory Langerhans-like cell population

    Jianpeng Sheng et al.
    Fate mapping analysis shows that not bona fide Langerhans cells but their ‘look-alikes’ dermal Langerhans cell-like cells migrate to the lymph nodes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Characterization and functional analysis of cathelicidin-MH, a novel frog-derived peptide with anti-septicemic properties

    Jinwei Chai et al.
    The novel cathelicidin cathelicidin-MH was identified from the skin of M. heymonsivogt frog, which protects against lipopolysaccharide- and cecal ligation and puncture-induced sepsis, effectively ameliorates multi-organ pathology, especially in lung.

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