1,883 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.
    1. Cell Biology

    The role of IMP dehydrogenase 2 in Inauhzin-induced ribosomal stress

    Qi Zhang et al.
    The small molecule Inauhzin possesses a dual targeting ability, and activates p53 by targeting two enzymes—SIRT1 and IMP dehydrogenase 2 (IMPDH2)—which are highly expressed in human cancers.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Fetal and neonatal hematopoietic progenitors are functionally and transcriptionally resistant to Flt3-ITD mutations

    Shaina N Porter et al.
    Age-specific transcriptional responses to Flt3-ITD and cooperating Flt3/Runx1 mutations cause hematopoietic stem cell depletion and myeloid progenitor expansion during adult, but not fetal/neonatal, stages of development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Imp/IGF2BP levels modulate individual neural stem cell growth and division through myc mRNA stability

    Tamsin J Samuels et al.
    Single molecule mRNA imaging uncovers post-transcriptional regulation of myc mRNA, via a cell-intrinsic mechanism allowing individualised control of neural stem cell proliferation during Drosophila brain development.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy and remarkable specificity of antimicrobial peptides in vivo using a systematic knockout approach

    Mark Austin Hanson et al.
    While antimicrobial cocktails are highly effective for defence against pathogenic microbes, the innate immune response may instead employ highly specific peptidic antibiotics to combat certain natural enemies.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The autophagy gene Atg16l1 differentially regulates Treg and TH2 cells to control intestinal inflammation

    Agnieszka M Kabat et al.
    Impaired autophagy influences intestinal inflammation and hypersensitivity responses by orchestrating mucosal T cell populations, suggesting new translational perspectives for the treatment of these conditions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Peptidoglycan sensing by octopaminergic neurons modulates Drosophila oviposition

    C Leopold Kurz et al.
    Female fruit flies sense bacteria-derived peptidoglycan via the octopaminergic neurons to adapt their egg laying behavior to their infection status.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β uses a novel mode of receptor activation to phosphorylate SMAD1/5 and induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Anassuya Ramachandran et al.
    SMAD1/5 signaling is essential for the full transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional program and physiological responses and is induced via a novel receptor activation mechanism, involving two distinct type I receptors.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Coopted temporal patterning governs cellular hierarchy, heterogeneity and metabolism in Drosophila neuroblast tumors

    Sara Genovese et al.
    About twenty temporal patterning genes are identified that drive an irreversible differentiation trajectory governing the heterogeneity and proliferative properties of cells in neural tumors with an early developmental origin.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stochastic variation in the initial phase of bacterial infection predicts the probability of survival in D. melanogaster

    David Duneau et al.
    An analysis of within-host bacterial proliferation reveals that minor "stochastic" variation in the ability of the innate immune response to control bacterial growth early on can result in either survival or death of the host.

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