1,928 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Edited by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    mRNA stem-loops can pause the ribosome by hindering A-site tRNA binding

    Chen Bao et al.
    By sterically hindering tRNA binding and inhibiting translation elongation, mRNA stem-loops can modulate gene expression.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A processive rotary mechanism couples substrate unfolding and proteolysis in the ClpXP degradation machinery

    Zev A Ripstein et al.
    Understanding of bacterial protein degradation is illuminated by cryo-EM structures of the substrate-bound ClpXP complex from Neisseria meningitidis at 2.3 to 3.3 Å resolution.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Gating and selectivity mechanisms for the lysosomal K+ channel TMEM175

    SeCheol Oh et al.
    Structures of the non-canonical potassium channel TMEM175 in open and closed states reveal unique mechanisms for channel gating and the selective permeation of K+ ions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The kinesin-5 tail domain directly modulates the mechanochemical cycle of the motor domain for anti-parallel microtubule sliding

    Tatyana Bodrug et al.
    Biochemical, single molecule, cell and structural biology studies reveal an interaction between the kinesin-5 tail and motor domains regulating high-force production, which is critical for microtubule sliding motility.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron ensembles signal the content of sensory prediction errors

    Thomas A Stalnaker et al.
    Dopamine neurons function as an ensemble to signal a multidimensional feature prediction error.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A regulatory microRNA network controls endothelial cell phenotypic switch during sprouting angiogenesis

    Stefania Rosano et al.
    Coordinated microRNAs activity induced by VEGF represses cell proliferation and favors cell migration at the onset of sprouting angiogenesis in endothelial cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of force-from-lipids gating in the mechanosensitive channel MscS

    Bharat Reddy et al.
    The structure of the mechanosensitive channel MscS embedded in a lipid bilayer redefines the nature, location and importance of lipid–protein interactions in the gating of mechanosensitive channels.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Combining genomics and epidemiology to analyse bi-directional transmission of Mycobacterium bovis in a multi-host system

    Joseph Crispell et al.
    Analyses combining genomic and epidemiological data of Mycobacterium bovis, which causes bovine tuberculosis, revealed evidence of transmission within and between cattle and badger populations.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of mitochondrial translation

    Shintaro Aibara et al.
    Structural analysis of translating human mitoribosome illustrates elemental steps of translation in mitochondria.

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