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321 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The chromatin remodelers RSC and ISW1 display functional and chromatin-based promoter antagonism

    Timothy J Parnell et al.
    A combination of genetics, expression, genomic localization, and genomic nucleosome profiling demonstrates antagonism between two chromatin remodelers that reveal different mechanisms at different promoter architectures.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Concerted regulation of ISWI by an autoinhibitory domain and the H4 N-terminal tail

    Johanna Ludwigsen et al.
    The N-terminal domain of the chromatin remodeler ISWI contains previously uncharacterized conserved motifs that maintain structure, prevent ATP hydrolysis unless nucleosomes are bound, and confer H4-tail sensitivity without directly competing with the H4 tail.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Asymmetry between the two acidic patches dictates the direction of nucleosome sliding by the ISWI chromatin remodeler

    Robert F Levendosky, Gregory D Bowman
    Unlike Chd1, ISWI remodelers preferentially shift asymmetric nucleosomes toward the side possessing a wild type acidic patch, regardless of DNA lengths flanking the nucleosome.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The nucleosomal acidic patch relieves auto-inhibition by the ISWI remodeler SNF2h

    Nathan Gamarra et al.
    Auto-inhibition of ISWI-family ATP-dependent chromatin remodelers is relieved by a conserved feature of the nucleosome.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromatin accessibility underlies synthetic lethality of SWI/SNF subunits in ARID1A-mutant cancers

    Timothy W R Kelso et al.
    ARID1A, a subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, and its homolog ARID1B function to maintain chromatin accessibility and active histone modifications at enhancers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Arid1b haploinsufficient mice reveal neuropsychiatric phenotypes and reversible causes of growth impairment

    Cemre Celen et al.
    Mirroring human patients with ARID1B mutations, Arid1b haploinsufficient mice exhibited numerous neuropsychiatric defects and revealed IGF1 deficiency related growth impairment that could be ameliorated with growth hormone supplementation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Basis of specificity for a conserved and promiscuous chromatin remodeling protein

    Drake A Donovan et al.
    The identification of a novel mechanism of chromatin remodeling, including a conserved remodeler domain and regulatory epitopes, provides targets for the design of therapeutics to modulate transcriptional regulation in cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Stepwise nucleosome translocation by RSC remodeling complexes

    Bryan T Harada et al.
    Single molecule FRET reveals that the SWI/SNF-family remodeling enzyme RSC translocates nucleosomes along the DNA in steps of ~1-2 base pairs in size.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis FORGETTER1 mediates stress-induced chromatin memory through nucleosome remodeling

    Krzysztof Brzezinka et al.
    Environmentally-mediated gene induction is extended beyond the duration of an external cue by sustaining a nucleosome-depleted chromatin structure.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture of the chromatin remodeler RSC and insights into its nucleosome engagement

    Avinash B Patel et al.
    The structure of the yeast RSC complex, a member of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling family, determined by cryo-electron microscopy, reveals a conserved structural core and the mode of nucleosome engagement.

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