167 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Unbiased identification of novel transcription factors in striatal compartmentation and striosome maturation

    Maria-Daniela Cirnaru et al.
    RNAseq and ATACseq are utilized to identify transcription factors participating in striatal compartmentation into striosome and matrix, and roles for Stat1, Olig2, and Foxf2 are validated in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Profiling sensory neuron microenvironment after peripheral and central axon injury reveals key pathways for neural repair

    Oshri Avraham et al.
    The microenvironment surrounding sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia responds differently to peripheral and central injuries, revealing that non-neuronal cells can be manipulated to promote axon regeneration after central injury.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and dynamics of the chromatin remodeler ALC1 bound to a PARylated nucleosome

    Luka Bacic et al.
    Analysis of conformational heterogeneity in cryo-EM data by a recently developed deep learning method reveals the structure and dynamics of the oncogenic chromatin remodeler ALC1 bound to a poly-ADP-ribosylated nucleosome.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Identification of abscission checkpoint bodies as structures that regulate ESCRT factors to control abscission timing

    Lauren K Williams et al.
    Cytoplasmic bodies sequester important abscission machinery to delay completion of cytokinesis in response to mitotic errors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Concerted conformational dynamics and water movements in the ghrelin G protein-coupled receptor

    Maxime Louet et al.
    A combination of state-of-the-art biochemical, biophysical, and computational methods revealed that water molecules play a central role in signal propagation through G protein-coupled receptors.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    TGFβ signalling is required to maintain pluripotency of human naïve pluripotent stem cells

    Anna Osnato et al.
    Identifying the pathways that support human naive-state pluripotent stem cells provides insights into the signalling-based regulation of human pluripotency and enables informed decisions to improve conditions for pluripotent cell culture.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin-producing β-cells regenerate ectopically from a mesodermal origin under the perturbation of hemato-endothelial specification

    Ka-Cheuk Liu et al.
    Genetic analyses revealed the remarkable plasticity of mesodermal cells to differentiate across the germ layers to form insulin-producing β-cells, which are normally of endodermal origin.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell RNA analysis identifies pre-migratory neural crest cells expressing markers of differentiated derivatives

    Ezra Lencer et al.
    Pre-migratory and early migratory neural crest cells in zebrafish are transcriptionally diverse, with some cells expressing genes associated with differentiated derivatives while still in the neural tube.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sustained expression of unc-4 homeobox gene and unc-37/Groucho in postmitotic neurons specifies the spatial organization of the cholinergic synapses in C. elegans

    Mizuki Kurashina et al.
    Genetic analyses using a simple nervous system of the nematode revealed the novel function of the cell fate-determining transcriptional repressor complex in the differentiated neurons to determine the precise synapse position.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Single-molecule imaging of chromatin remodelers reveals role of ATPase in promoting fast kinetics of target search and dissociation from chromatin

    Jee Min Kim et al.
    Chromatin remodeling enzymes perform target search by utilizing ATP-binding and hydrolysis to facilitate 1D-diffusion on and rapid detachment from chromatin in living yeast.

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