3,329 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The insulin/IGF signaling cascade modulates SUMOylation to regulate aging and proteostasis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Lorna Moll et al.
    By controlling the SUMOylation of the protein CAR-1, the aging-regulating pathways downstream of the Insulin/IGF signaling cascade and of the germ cells of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are integrated.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Inflammation-induced IgE promotes epithelial hyperplasia and tumour growth

    Mark David Hayes et al.
    Natural IgE supports epithelial cell growth and differentiation in healthy skin, but during chronic tissue inflammation, IgE drives tumour outgrowth of epithelial cells harbouring oncogenic mutations.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    IRS-1 acts as an endocytic regulator of IGF-I receptor to facilitate sustained IGF signaling

    Yosuke Yoneyama et al.
    IRS-1, a canonical signaling mediator of IGF-I receptor, serves as an endocytic regulator of IGF-I receptor to facilitate the sustained IGF signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Distinct mechanisms define murine B cell lineage immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) repertoires

    Yang Yang et al.
    The B-1a cell heavy chain antibody repertoire differs dramatically from the follicular and marginal zone B cell repertoire and is defined by distinct mechanisms driven by self antigens rather than antigens derived from the microbiota.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural ordering of the Plasmodium berghei circumsporozoite protein repeats by inhibitory antibody 3D11

    Iga Kucharska et al.
    A comprehensive structural analysis of inhibitory murine antibody 3D11 binding to Plasmodium berghei circumsporozoite protein reveals common mechanisms of antibody evolution in mammals against Plasmodium parasites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tachykinin acts upstream of autocrine Hedgehog signaling during nociceptive sensitization in Drosophila

    Seol Hee Im et al.
    The Drosophila equivalent of Substance P signaling modulates nociceptive sensitization by regulating Hedgehog signaling within nociceptive sensory neurons.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The activation of IgM- or isotype-switched IgG- and IgE-BCR exhibits distinct mechanical force sensitivity and threshold

    Zhengpeng Wan et al.
    The B cell receptors of naïve B cells need higher levels of mechanical force to be fully activated than those of memory B cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TLR induces reorganization of the IgM-BCR complex regulating murine B-1 cell responses to infections

    Hannah P Savage et al.
    B-1 cell unresponsiveness to antigen-stimulation is overcome during infections when Toll-like receptor engagement removes negative regulators of B cell receptor signaling, thereby supporting B-1 cell differentiation to IgM-secreting plasmablasts.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The structure and dynamics of secretory component and its interactions with polymeric immunoglobulins

    Beth M Stadtmueller et al.
    The ectodomain of the human polymeric Ig receptor maintains a closed triangular shape that binds and excludes bacteria in mucosa, or opens to bind and transport polymeric Ig ligands across epithelial cells.

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