559 results found
  1. Episode 70: November 2020

    In this episode, we hear about artificial intelligence and in vitro fertilization, scar-free wound healing, decision-making, mosquitoes and open-access publishing.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health
    3. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    4. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary Medicine: A Special Issue

    Edited by George H Perry et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the growing and increasingly interdisciplinary field of evolutionary medicine.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of α2-Adrenergic agonist-induced unconsciousness and awakening by antagonist

    Jesus Javier Ballesteros et al.
    Instant performance recovery is possible following general anesthesia-induced unconsciousness using antagonist, and the brain dynamics return abruptly to the awake state without intermediate recovery states.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Convergence between the microcosms of Southeast Asian and North American pitcher plants

    Leonora S Bittleston et al.
    Host characteristics drive the assembly of similar communities within the convergently evolved and geographically distant pitcher ecosystems of carnivorous pitcher plants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increasing suppression of saccade-related transients along the human visual hierarchy

    Tal Golan et al.
    Similar to spontaneous eye blinks perceptual stability, despite small saccades, is related to actively silencing transients in the high-level ends of both ventral and dorsal visual cortices, while activity in low-level visual cortex remains unstable.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of perceptual inference

    William Sedley et al.
    Changes to sensory predictions are encoded by beta oscillations, surprise due to prediction violations by gamma oscillations, and alpha oscillations may have a role in controlling the precision of predictions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intraneural stimulation elicits discrimination of textural features by artificial fingertip in intact and amputee humans

    Calogero Maria Oddo et al.
    Delivering specific patterns of electrical activity to the median nerve of the arm triggers reliable sensations of texture, suggesting that it may ultimately be possible to restore complex tactile information to users of prosthetic limbs.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-fidelity musculoskeletal modeling reveals that motor planning variability contributes to the speed-accuracy tradeoff

    Mazen Al Borno et al.
    The speed-accuracy tradeoff could be a consequence of motor planning variability and not exclusively signal-dependent noise, as is currently held.
    1. Neuroscience

    Control of adaptive action selection by secondary motor cortex during flexible visual categorization

    Tian-Yi Wang et al.
    The secondary motor cortex causally contributes to flexible action selection during stimulus categorization with the representations of upcoming choice and sensory history regulated by the demand to remap stimulus–action association.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disrupting cortico-cerebellar communication impairs dexterity

    Jian-Zhong Guo et al.
    The flow of neural activity across the cortico-cerebellar loop enables mice to reach for objects with skill and precision.

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