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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling contributes to an inflammatory microenvironment and its blockade enhances progression of murine pancreatic precancerous lesions

    Veethika Pandey et al.
    Blockage of CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling between murine pancreatic precancerous lesion cells and inflammatory macrophages generates a tumor-promoting microenvironment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Plasma proteomic biomarker signature of age predicts health and life span

    Toshiko Tanaka et al.
    Analysis of proteomic data identified protein biomarkers of aging, mortality and aging-related diseases, supporting their use to monitor aging trajectories and identify individuals at higher risk of disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The kinase PDK1 is critical for promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation

    Zhen Sun et al.
    PDK1 serves as a critical role for intrinsically promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation and effector functions via controlling expression level of TCF1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tonic interferon restricts pathogenic IL-17-driven inflammatory disease via balancing the microbiome

    Isabelle J Marié et al.
    Overlapping action of type I, II, and III interferons maintains microbiome homeostasis, prevents IL-17-driven myeloproliferative disease, and protects against inflammatory bowel disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal hyperexcitability is a DLK-dependent trigger of herpes simplex virus reactivation that can be induced by IL-1

    Sean R Cuddy et al.
    Herpes simplex virus reactivates from a latent infection when neurons become hyperexcitable in response to an inflammatory cytokine known to be released during fever and stress.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An internal thioester in a pathogen surface protein mediates covalent host binding

    Miriam Walden et al.
    Bacterial-encoded covalent adhesion is a new molecular principle in host-microbe interactions and may play a key role in host colonization by a wide range of Gram-positive bacteria.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Meta-Research: COVID-19 research risks ignoring important host genes due to pre-established research patterns

    Thomas Stoeger, Luís A Nunes Amaral
    An analysis of 10,395 research publications about COVID-19 that mention at least one human gene reveals that many genes implicated in SARS-CoV-2 infection by genome-wide studies remain unstudied.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Ecology
    E. coli illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unexhausted potential of E. coli

    Zachary D Blount
    A better understanding of the remarkable diversity, natural history and complex ecology of E. coli in the wild could shed new light on its biology and role in disease, and further expand its many uses as a model organism.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Systemic hypoxia inhibits T cell response by limiting mitobiogenesis via matrix substrate-level phosphorylation arrest

    Amijai Saragovi et al.
    Systemic hypoxia model reveals the detrimental effect of hypoxia on mitochondrial biogenesis in activated T-cells and points at a new approach for improving viral resistance in patients with respiratory diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ablation of STAT3 in Purkinje cells reorganizes cerebellar synaptic plasticity in long-term fear memory network

    Jeong-Kyu Han et al.
    Cerebellar STAT3 is indispensable for proper expression of fear memory network processing.