574 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Gain of channel function and modified gating properties in TRPM3 mutants causing intellectual disability and epilepsy

    Evelien Van Hoeymissen et al.
    Two mutations in TRPM3 resulting in developmental and epileptic encephalopathies result in a gain-of-channel function, which may lie at the basis of epileptic activity and neurodevelopmental symptoms in the patients.
    1. Cell Biology

    A viral fusogen hijacks the actin cytoskeleton to drive cell-cell fusion

    Ka Man Carmen Chan et al.
    A viral fusogen drives cell-cell fusion by hijacking the actin machinery to directly couple actin assembly with a short fusogenic ectodomain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergistic actions of v-SNARE transmembrane domains and membrane-curvature modifying lipids in neurotransmitter release

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Naturally-occurring v-SNARE TMD variants differentially regulate fusion pore dynamics and cooperate with phospholipids in supporting membrane curvature at the fusion pore neck.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pull-push neuromodulation of cortical plasticity enables rapid bi-directional shifts in ocular dominance

    Su Hong et al.
    Neuromodulation of the expression of Hebbian plasticity enables rapid cortical sensory-induced remodeling in post-critical period adults, and can rescue deficits induced by prolonged sensory deprivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    LKB1 coordinates neurite remodeling to drive synapse layer emergence in the outer retina

    Courtney A Burger et al.
    LKB1 instructs the timing and location of synapse layer emergence in the outer retina by coordinating the regulation of pre- and postsynaptic neuron maturation and transport of synapse-associated proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Connectomic analysis reveals an interneuron with an integral role in the retinal circuit for night vision

    Silvia JH Park et al.
    Anatomical and physiological analyses identified an inhibitory interneuron that is an integral part of the rod bipolar cell pathway, the circuit for night vision, of the mammalian retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    The switch-like expression of heme-regulated kinase 1 mediates neuronal proteostasis following proteasome inhibition

    Beatriz Alvarez-Castelao et al.
    In neurons, inhibition of the proteasome results in feedback inhibition of protein synthesis, mediated by heme-regulated kinase 1, which is optimized to act as both a sensor and an effector.
    1. Neuroscience

    Probabilistic, spinally-gated control of bladder pressure and autonomous micturition by Barrington’s nucleus CRH neurons

    Hiroki Ito et al.
    Ponto-spinal CRH neurons in Barrington’s nucleus are a core component of an inferential circuit that regulates autonomous micturition and generates voids when the bladder is full.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Long non-coding RNA GRASLND enhances chondrogenesis via suppression of the interferon type II signaling pathway

    Nguyen PT Huynh et al.
    Bioinformatic analysis of mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis identified a novel long noncoding RNA, GRASLND, which suppresses interferon signaling and enhances chondrogenesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A complex IRES at the 5'-UTR of a viral mRNA assembles a functional 48S complex via an uAUG intermediate

    Ritam Neupane et al.
    The ribosome bound structure of a new IRES reveals novel architecture features used by viruses to hijack cellular translation.

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