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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The insulin receptor cellular IRES confers resistance to eIF4A inhibition

    Calla M Olson et al.
    Utilizing a conserved mechanism, a ribosome can initiate translation from a site within the insulin receptor mRNA to maintain protein synthesis even when standard mechanisms of initiating translation have been inhibited by stress.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    ERα promotes murine hematopoietic regeneration through the Ire1α-mediated unfolded protein response

    Richard H Chapple et al.
    Estrogen is a systemic factor that promotes hematopoietic regeneration by activating the unfolded protein responses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural characterization of ribosome recruitment and translocation by type IV IRES

    Jason Murray et al.
    A Internal Ribosomal Entry Site RNA has been visualised by high resolution cryoEM, trapped in the ribosome in an intermediate state of translocation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1 couples sister chromatid cohesion establishment to DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Wei Zhang et al.
    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1-induced H2B monoubiquitination is epigenetically important for recruiting replication factor Mcm10 and cohesion establishment factors Ctf4, Ctf18 and Eco1 to early replication origins to establish sister chromatid cohesion.
    1. Cell Biology

    Unfolded protein response transducer IRE1-mediated signaling independent of XBP1 mRNA splicing is not required for growth and development of medaka fish

    Tokiro Ishikawa et al.
    The unfolded protein response sensor/transducer IRE1-mediated splicing of XBP1 mRNA encoding its active downstream transcription factor to maintain the homeostasis of the endoplasmic reticulum is sufficient for growth and development of medaka fish.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dual tRNA mimicry in the Cricket Paralysis Virus IRES uncovers an unexpected similarity with the Hepatitis C Virus IRES

    Vera P Pisareva et al.
    A conformational change in the Cricket Paralysis Virus IRES upon double translocation in the ribosome uncovers an unexpected similarity with the Hepatitis C Virus IRES.
    1. Cell Biology

    The Sec61 translocon limits IRE1α signaling during the unfolded protein response

    Arunkumar Sundaram et al.
    Building on previous work (Plumb et al., 2015), it is shown that the Sec61 translocon controls the oligomerization, activation and inactivation of Ire1α during endoplasmic reticulum stress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Specificity in endoplasmic reticulum-stress signaling in yeast entails a step-wise engagement of HAC1 mRNA to clusters of the stress sensor Ire1

    Eelco van Anken et al.
    Selective docking of HAC1 mRNA on Ire1 clusters at a site separate from the Ire1 RNase domain is key for endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Endoplasmic reticulum stress-independent activation of unfolded protein response kinases by a small molecule ATP-mimic

    Aaron S Mendez et al.
    A rationally designed small molecule ATP-mimetic activates IRE1 and PERK signaling in cells by inducing conformational changes that template the assembly of higher-order enzymatically active structures.