1,328 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integron activity accelerates the evolution of antibiotic resistance

    Célia Souque et al.
    Integrons deploy a variety of adaptive strategies including excision, shuffling, and duplication of cassettes that foster rapid bacterial adaptation and resistance evolution while protecting the genomic integrity of the host.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Identification of human glucocorticoid response markers using integrated multi-omic analysis from a randomized crossover trial

    Dimitrios Chantzichristos et al.
    A human experimental model for physiological glucocorticoid exposure and glucocorticoid withdrawal identifies a multi-omic cluster, including microRNA miR-122-5p and metabolites, associated with glucocorticoid-responsive genes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Stress resets ancestral heritable small RNA responses

    Leah Houri-Zeevi et al.
    Various types of stress reset heritable small RNA responses through the function of the p38 MAPK pathway, the transcription factor SKN-1/Nrf2, and the MET-2/SETDB1 putative histone methyltransferase.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell transcriptomics of the Drosophila wing disc reveals instructive epithelium-to-myoblast interactions

    Nicholas J Everetts et al.
    A single-cell atlas of the developing Drosophila wing disc at two time points enables a detailed understanding of the signals exchanged between different cell populations during development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Selenium supplementation inhibits IGF-1 signaling and confers methionine restriction-like healthspan benefits to mice

    Jason D Plummer et al.
    Dietary selenium supplementation confers to mice all of the short-term healthspan benefits of the longevity-promoting intervention methionine restriction, and thus may represent a method to promote healthy aging in mammals.
    1. Cell Biology

    Pre-complexation of talin and vinculin without tension is required for efficient nascent adhesion maturation

    Sangyoon J Han et al.
    Pre-complexation of vinculin with talin’s R8 domain facilitates nascent adhesion maturation by unfolding talin, increasing vinculin binding, and thereby transmitting traction forces to the environment.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Group phenotypic composition in cancer

    Jean-Pascal Capp et al.
    Tumoral group phenotypic compositions and their relationships with the fitness of individual malignant cells in different ecological contexts represent crucial, previously unexplored dynamics in tumor progression.
    1. Plant Biology

    Uncovering a novel function of the CCR4-NOT complex in phytochrome A-mediated light signalling in plants

    Philipp Schwenk et al.
    The light-activated plant photoreceptor phytochrome A binds to NOT9B to displace it from the CCR4-NOT complex, thereby de-repressing light signalling.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinetic analysis of ASIC1a delineates conformational signaling from proton-sensing domains to the channel gate

    Sabrina Vullo et al.
    Analysis of conformational changes indicates that activation of acid-sensing ion channels involves protonation of diverse extracellular sites and interaction of interdomain loops with the upper ends of transmembrane helices.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    A KDM5–Prospero transcriptional axis functions during early neurodevelopment to regulate mushroom body formation

    Hayden AM Hatch et al.
    The histone demethylase KDM5 functions in concert with the transcription factor Prospero to regulate a gene expression program that is required for mushroom body neuroanatomical development.

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