289 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Receptor-mediated dimerization of JAK2 FERM domains is required for JAK2 activation

    Ryan D Ferrao et al.
    An intracellular cytokine receptor 'switch' motif is critical for the dimerization of JAK2 and activation of the JAK2 kinase.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Opposing JAK-STAT and Wnt signaling gradients define a stem cell domain by regulating differentiation at two borders

    David Melamed, Daniel Kalderon
    Graded Wnt and JAK-STAT signals regulate the division rate, AP location and differentiation of Drosophila ovarian follicle stem cells to define a domain of stem cells maintained by population asymmetry.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Differential activation of JAK-STAT signaling reveals functional compartmentalization in Drosophila blood progenitors

    Diana Rodrigues et al.
    Comprehensive developmental in situ analysis of the Drosophila lymph gland provides markers highlighting blood progenitor diversity and reveals that JAK-STAT signaling prevents posterior progenitor differentiation, promoting survival after immune challenge.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Jak2-mediated phosphorylation of Atoh1 is critical for medulloblastoma growth

    Tiemo J Klisch et al.
    Aberrant phosphorylation of tyrosine 78 on Atoh1 via Jak2 is responsible for sonic hedgehog type medulloblastoma growths in vivo.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Pak2 is required for actin cytoskeleton remodeling, TCR signaling, and normal thymocyte development and maturation

    Hyewon Phee et al.
    The p21-activated kinase 2 (Pak2) is an essential regulator that governs the actin cytoskeleton-dependent signaling to ensure normal thymocyte development, maturation and egress.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ngn1 inhibits astrogliogenesis through induction of miR-9 during neuronal fate specification

    Jing Zhao et al.
    During neurogenesis, Neurogenin 1 activates the microRNA miR-9, which directly targets the Jak-Stat pathway to inhibit astrogliogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Targeting senescent cells enhances adipogenesis and metabolic function in old age

    Ming Xu et al.
    Senescent cells contribute to age-related fat dysfunction and can directly impair healthy fat progenitor function, in part, via the secretion of activin A.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Actin is an evolutionarily-conserved damage-associated molecular pattern that signals tissue injury in Drosophila melanogaster

    Naren Srinivasan et al.
    Extracellular actin is an evolutionarily-conserved signal of tissue injury that is recognised in the fruit fly via similar machinery as reported in vertebrates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic transmission and plasticity require AMPA receptor anchoring via its N-terminal domain

    Jake F Watson et al.
    The positioning of AMPA-type glutamate receptors at synapses – a requirement for effective neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity – is orchestrated by their extracellular, N-terminal domain.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Jak-Stat pathway induces Drosophila follicle elongation by a gradient of apical contractility

    Hervé Alégot et al.
    A morphogen gradient can trigger tissue elongation via a control of apical cell pulsing and without a planar cell polarity requirement.

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