1,252 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    USP28 deletion and small-molecule inhibition destabilizes c-MYC and elicits regression of squamous cell lung carcinoma

    E Josue Ruiz et al.
    Deletion and small-molecule inhibition of ubiquitin-specific protease 28 destabilizes the oncogenes c-MYC, c-JUN, and Δp63, and elicits regression of squamous cell lung carcinoma, a major cancer type with currently limited treatment options.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Redefining innate natural antibodies as important contributors to anti-tumor immunity

    Kavita Rawat et al.
    Natural antibodies play a fundamental role in anti-cancer immunity.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An open label randomized controlled trial of tamoxifen combined with amphotericin B and fluconazole for cryptococcal meningitis

    Nguyen Thi Thuy Ngan et al.
    Despite evidence of significant anti-cryptococcal activity in vitro and animal models, including synergy with other antifungal agents, high-dose tamoxifen has no impact on cerebrospinal fluid sterilization in cryptococcal meningitis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septal cholinergic input to CA2 hippocampal region controls social novelty discrimination via nicotinic receptor-mediated disinhibition

    Domenico Pimpinella et al.
    Acetylcholine, released from cholinergic fibers originating from the medial septum, shapes social memory, and controls the CA2 hippocampal circuit via nicotinic receptors localized on GABAergic interneurons.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virophages and retrotransposons colonize the genomes of a heterotrophic flagellate

    Thomas Hackl et al.
    Mutualistic viruses called virophages are common genome inhabitants of a marine protist, where they may protect host populations from giant viruses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning differentially shapes prefrontal and hippocampal activity during classical conditioning

    Jan L Klee et al.
    CA1 and PFC bridge the temporal gap between cue and reward delivery during trace conditioning according to different underlying coding principles and task-related activity is reactivated during awake Sharp-Wave Ripples.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Stimulation of hypothalamic oxytocin neurons suppresses colorectal cancer progression in mice

    Susu Pan et al.
    Assessments using chemogenetic and pharmacological approaches reveal that modulation of the activities of oxytocin neurons in the hypothalamus of the central nervous system could inhibit colorectal cancer progression in mice.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Adult stem cells and niche cells segregate gradually from common precursors that build the adult Drosophila ovary during pupal development

    Amy Reilein et al.
    Somatic stem and niche cells in the Drosophila ovary develop from common precursors through regulated proliferative expansion, followed by acquisition of position-specific behaviors, rather than through rigid early specification events.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Transcription initiation at a consensus bacterial promoter proceeds via a ‘bind-unwind-load-and-lock’ mechanism

    Abhishek Mazumder et al.
    Single-molecule fluorescence experiments reveal transcription initiation proceeds via a 'bind-unwind-load-and-lock' mechanism where promoter DNA unwinds outside the RNA polymerase (RNAP) cleft, the unwound template-DNA loads into the cleft, and RNAP 'locks' the template-DNA by closing the RNAP clamp module.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Total parasite biomass but not peripheral parasitaemia is associated with endothelial and haematological perturbations in Plasmodium vivax patients

    João L Silva-Filho et al.
    Data exploring host and parasite signatures in the peripheral blood indicate that total parasite biomass is a better predictor of P. vivax-induced host responses and pathogenesis than peripheral parasitemia.

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