6,204 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Reduction of elevated proton leak rejuvenates mitochondria in the aged cardiomyocyte

    Huiliang Zhang et al.
    The primary respiratory defect seen in aged cardiomyocytes is an elevated proton leak mediated by ANT1, and this is prevented by treatment with SS-31 (elamipretide).
    1. Cancer Biology

    Transient rapamycin treatment can increase lifespan and healthspan in middle-aged mice

    Alessandro Bitto et al.
    Three months treatment with the drug rapamycin increases lifespan, alters cancer prevalence, remodels the microbiome, and improves functional measures of health in middle aged mice in a dose- and sex-dependent manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    anTraX, a software package for high-throughput video tracking of color-tagged insects

    Asaf Gal et al.
    anTraX is an algorithm and software package that facilitates automated analyses of insect social behavior in species and experimental settings that are not accessible with currently existing technology.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Jagged and Delta-like ligands control distinct events during airway progenitor cell differentiation

    Maria R Stupnikov et al.
    Notch ligands from the Delta and Jagged families have distinct roles in epithelial progenitor cell fate of extrapulmonary and intrapulmonary airways and differentially restrict expansion of the neuroendocrine microenvironment.
    1. Neuroscience

    A complex peripheral code for salt taste in Drosophila

    Alexandria H Jaeger et al.
    Unlike other taste modalities, the Drosophila taste system encodes salt taste combinatorially across multiple sensory neuron classes, which combine to produce behavioural valence and plasticity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dual midbrain and forebrain origins of thalamic inhibitory interneurons

    Polona Jager et al.
    Thalamic interneurons in the mouse thalamus are often overlooked because of their extremely low numbers, however they are developmentally complex and related to those of larger-brained species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypocretin underlies the evolution of sleep loss in the Mexican cavefish

    James B Jaggard et al.
    The identification of evolutionarily-derived changes in Hypocretin function within the brains of short-sleeping Mexican cavefish provides a system for investigating the mechanistic basis of sleep differences throughout the animal kingdom.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A new genus of horse from Pleistocene North America

    Peter D Heintzman et al.
    The extinct stilt-legged equids of North America are not related to Asiatic asses or horses, but instead represent a distinct lineage outside of living equid diversity that became extinct in the terminal Pleistocene.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropathological and transcriptomic characteristics of the aged brain

    Jeremy A Miller et al.
    High variability in neuropathology burden and interactions between dementia diagnosis and RNA quality present underappreciated complications when studying dementia in an aged population.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic dissection of basolateral amygdala contributions to intertemporal choice in young and aged rats

    Caesar M Hernandez et al.
    Optogenetic approaches in young and aged rats define multiple roles for basolateral amygdala in guiding intertemporal choice, and show that these roles change across the lifespan.

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