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    1. Neuroscience

    Ventromedial prefrontal cortex stimulation enhances memory and hippocampal neurogenesis in the middle-aged rats

    Albert Liu et al.
    High-frequency stimulation of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which enhances memory and hippocampal neurogenesis, is a novel target for treatment of dementia-related diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis coordinates oxidative metabolism in mammalian mitochondria

    Sara M Nowinski et al.
    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis is best known for producing lipoic acid, however, longer acyl chain products regulate mitochondrial electron transport chain assembly, oxidative TCA cycle metabolism, and skeletal myoblast differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Intracellular sphingosine releases calcium from lysosomes

    Doris Höglinger et al.
    Sphingosine acts as a lipid messenger molecule in intracellular signaling networks that are relevant to lysosomal function and Niemann-Pick disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    Selective sorting and destruction of mitochondrial membrane proteins in aged yeast

    Adam L Hughes et al.
    A new mitochondrial protein degradation pathway selectively sorts and destroys a subset of the mitochondrial membrane proteome to protect mitochondria in times of stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    CREB overexpression in dorsal CA1 ameliorates long-term memory deficits in aged rats

    Xiao-Wen Yu et al.
    Behavioral, biochemical, and biophysical analyses show that age-related memory deficits can be rescued by directly overexpressing wild-type CREB.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Cambrian origin for vertebrate rods

    Sabrina Asteriti et al.
    Several key functional features of jawed vertebrate rods are also present in lamprey photoreceptors, indicating that our Cambrian ancestors possessed dim light vision.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Expression of WIPI2B counteracts age-related decline in autophagosome biogenesis in neurons

    Andrea KH Stavoe et al.
    The dynamic phosphorylation of autophagy component WIPI2B is critical to maintain autophagosome biogenesis in neurons, and ectopic expression of WIPI2B can restore rates of autophagosome biogenesis in aged neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A library of MiMICs allows tagging of genes and reversible, spatial and temporal knockdown of proteins in Drosophila

    Sonal Nagarkar-Jaiswal et al.
    A large collection of functional EGFP tagged proteins derived from MiMIC insertions allows examination of protein expression in unfixed tissues and efficient tissue specific reversible knock down of proteins.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Arterial smooth muscle cell PKD2 (TRPP1) channels regulate systemic blood pressure

    Simon Bulley et al.
    Arterial myocyte PKD2 channels are activated by vasoconstrictor stimuli, which increases blood pressure, are upregulated during hypertension and cell-specific knockout in vivo reduces both physiological blood pressure and hypertension.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Rif1 inhibits replication fork progression and controls DNA copy number in Drosophila

    Alexander Munden et al.
    To regulate DNA copy number during development in Drosophila, the SUUR protein recruits Rif1 to replisomes where Rif1 inhibits replication fork progression, thus controlling copy number independently of origin firing.