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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microscopy: Imaging far and wide

    Raghav K Chhetri, Philipp J Keller
    Insight
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    1. Neuroscience

    Canonical goal-selective representations are absent from prefrontal cortex in a spatial working memory task requiring behavioral flexibility

    Claudia Böhm, Albert K Lee
    Representation of goals in the forms previously reported in the PFC is not required for performance of a novel spatial working memory task where goal information must be used flexibly.
    1. Cell Biology

    Optimized Vivid-derived Magnets photodimerizers for subcellular optogenetics in mammalian cells

    Lorena Benedetti et al.
    eMags is an engineered photodimerizer pair for optogenetic modulation in mammalian cells that is especially suited for the manipulation of intracellular processes occurring in small volumes or subcellular organelles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Organization of the Drosophila larval visual circuit

    Ivan Larderet et al.
    The synaptic connectome of the Drosophila larval visual circuit is the first case of a completely reconstructed visual network in a genetically fully tractable model organism.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Structural basis for the prion-like MAVS filaments in antiviral innate immunity

    Hui Xu et al.
    Mitochondrial anti-viral signaling proteins form three-stranded helical filaments in launching innate immune responses against RNA viruses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex commands the performance of skilled movement

    Jian-Zhong Guo et al.
    Optogenetic inhibition demonstrates that the cortex is necessary and sufficient for the initiation and execution of a learned, skilled action.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transsynaptic mapping of Drosophila mushroom body output neurons

    Kristin M Scaplen et al.
    Transsynaptic mapping of the postsynaptic connections of mushroom body output neurons reveal both divergent and convergent projections allowing for multimodal integration prior to initiation of an output response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hipposeq: a comprehensive RNA-seq database of gene expression in hippocampal principal neurons

    Mark S Cembrowski et al.
    Gene expression was analyzed in hippocampal principal cells, enabling cellular phenotyping and revealing novel organizational principles; complementing this, a publicly available website is released to provide outside analysis and visualization of hippocampal RNA-seq data in an accessible fashion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic sodium spikes are required for long-term potentiation at distal synapses on hippocampal pyramidal neurons

    Yujin Kim et al.
    At distal synapses onto hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons, synaptic plasticity is dependent on dendritically initiated sodium spikes, thus establishing a new role for voltage-gated sodium channels in the dendrites that may have important implications for how learning rules are implemented.
    1. Neuroscience

    A suppression hierarchy among competing motor programs drives sequential grooming in Drosophila

    Andrew M Seeds et al.
    Gaining genetic control over neural modules that drive the grooming of each Drosophila body part reveals how mechanisms for selecting among competing behavioral choices are used to generate sequences of actions.