18 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Contrasting effects of Western vs Mediterranean diets on monocyte inflammatory gene expression and social behavior in a primate model

    Corbin SC Johnson et al.
    Modern human diet patterns alter primate behavior and monocyte gene expression leading to monocyte polarization–experimental evidence of the evolutionary mismatch hypothesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Specialized contributions of mid-tier stages of dorsal and ventral pathways to stereoscopic processing in macaque

    Toshihide W Yoshioka et al.
    Visual area MT signals binocular disparity quickly and robustly, whereas area V4 or its upstream area transforms the nature of the signals to derive a more sophisticated depth representation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tonic firing mode of midbrain dopamine neurons continuously tracks reward values changing moment-by-moment

    Yawei Wang et al.
    Although the phasic activity of midbrain dopamine neurons is known to represent reward values, these neurons displayed a tonic firing mode to continuously track reward values changing moment-by-moment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Wireless recording from unrestrained monkeys reveals motor goal encoding beyond immediate reach in frontoparietal cortex

    Michael Berger et al.
    The novel Reach Cage allows neurophysiology studies of structured behavior with unrestrained Rhesus macaques showing that the frontoparietal reach network is selective for reach goals outside the immediately reachable space.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Broadly neutralizing human antibodies against dengue virus identified by single B cell transcriptomics

    Natasha D Durham et al.
    Identification of viral and host determinants of broadly neutralizing antibodies targeting a new epitope on dengue virus that can be used to guide vaccine design.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Resolving homology in the face of shifting germ layer origins: Lessons from a major skull vault boundary

    Camilla S Teng et al.
    Homology of vertebrate skull structures should be based on evolutionary continuity and an appreciation of germ layer origins and inductive signaling in the embryonic head.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Differences across cyclophilin A orthologs contribute to the host range restriction of hepatitis C virus

    Jenna M Gaska et al.
    Incompatibilities between the viral replication machinery and orthologs of the essential host factor cyclophilin A (CypA) contribute to the narrow host range of hepatitis C virus.
    1. Neuroscience

    A high-throughput neurohistological pipeline for brain-wide mesoscale connectivity mapping of the common marmoset

    Meng Kuan Lin et al.
    A systematic high-throughput neurohistological and computational pipeline for marmoset which establishes a foundational setup in brain mapping and circuit tracing to support current and emerging research in primate studies.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A kinematic synergy for terrestrial locomotion shared by mammals and birds

    Giovanna Catavitello et al.
    General principles of the limb segment control for terrestrial locomotion have emerged in evolution and highlight the existence of the laws of biological motion that apply to various animal species.

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