18 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tonic firing mode of midbrain dopamine neurons continuously tracks reward values changing moment-by-moment

    Yawei Wang et al.
    Although the phasic activity of midbrain dopamine neurons is known to represent reward values, these neurons displayed a tonic firing mode to continuously track reward values changing moment-by-moment.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Background selection and biased gene conversion affect more than 95% of the human genome and bias demographic inferences

    Fanny Pouyet et al.
    Background selection and GC-biased gene conversion impact the human genome to a much larger extent than previously recognized in low and high recombination rate regions, respectively.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Personality links with lifespan in chimpanzees

    Drew M Altschul et al.
    Among captive chimpanzees, higher agreeableness males and higher openness females survive longer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of visually-evoked reward expectation signals in dopamine neurons via the superior colliculus in V1 lesioned monkeys

    Norihiro Takakuwa et al.
    The subcortical visual pathway through the midbrain superior colliculus is responsible for visually evoked Pavlovian conditioning and dopamine neuron responses with predicted value in monkeys, which remained after lesioning V1.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rapid evolution of the human mutation spectrum

    Kelley Harris, Jonathan K Pritchard
    Heritable mutations tend to occur within different DNA sequence contexts in different human populations, suggesting that DNA replication and repair often change in efficacy over only a few hundred generations of evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Resolving homology in the face of shifting germ layer origins: Lessons from a major skull vault boundary

    Camilla S Teng et al.
    Homology of vertebrate skull structures should be based on evolutionary continuity and an appreciation of germ layer origins and inductive signaling in the embryonic head.
    1. Neuroscience

    A high-throughput neurohistological pipeline for brain-wide mesoscale connectivity mapping of the common marmoset

    Meng Kuan Lin et al.
    A systematic high-throughput neurohistological and computational pipeline for marmoset which establishes a foundational setup in brain mapping and circuit tracing to support current and emerging research in primate studies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical network architecture for context processing in primate brain

    Zenas C Chao et al.
    Large-scale electrocorticography and big data analysis of brain-wide neuronal interactions reveal the architecture of network information flow for context processing in primate brain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A kinematic synergy for terrestrial locomotion shared by mammals and birds

    Giovanna Catavitello et al.
    General principles of the limb segment control for terrestrial locomotion have emerged in evolution and highlight the existence of the laws of biological motion that apply to various animal species.

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