449 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generic injuries are sufficient to induce ectopic Wnt organizers in Hydra

    Jack F Cazet et al.
    Injuries activate the oral identity-specifying canonical Wnt signaling pathway in Hydra, which can trigger head regeneration in permissive tissue contexts created by the absence of pre-existing organizers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit organization of the excitatory sensorimotor loop through hand/forelimb S1 and M1

    Naoki Yamawaki et al.
    Cell-type-specific circuit analysis reveals a highly polysynaptic pattern of excitatory feedforward connections along the somatosensory-to-motor loop, from cuneate via VPL thalamus to S1 and M1 cortex and corticospinal neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Targeted molecular profiling of rare olfactory sensory neurons identifies fate, wiring, and functional determinants

    J Roman Arguello et al.
    Targeted expression of molecular probes for gene expression and chromatin accessibility in subpopulations of neurons in the Drosophila olfactory system identifies genes required for their development and function.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Proximity proteomics in a marine diatom reveals a putative cell surface-to-chloroplast iron trafficking pathway

    Jernej Turnšek et al.
    An iron-sensitive gene cluster encodes proteins that co-localize with phytotransferrin endosomes and are involved in key intracellular iron transformation and trafficking processes in a model marine diatom.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Basis of specificity for a conserved and promiscuous chromatin remodeling protein

    Drake A Donovan et al.
    The identification of a novel mechanism of chromatin remodeling, including a conserved remodeler domain and regulatory epitopes, provides targets for the design of therapeutics to modulate transcriptional regulation in cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NMDA receptors control development of somatosensory callosal axonal projections

    Jing Zhou et al.
    NMDAR receptors act in regulating axon guidance of somatosensory callosal projections in early postnatal life and the expression of EPHB2 receptors in target cells.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body mass index to change in obesity and underweight

    NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)
    Changes in the prevalence of underweight, total obesity, and severe obesity are largely driven by shifts in the distribution of body mass index.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbiota functional activity biosensors for characterizing nutrient metabolism in vivo

    Darryl A Wesener et al.
    A method has been developed to characterize the expressed biochemical activities of gut microbial communities using retrievable, microscopic, fluorescent-labeled glass beads containing chemically bound surface biomolecules.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SUMO is a pervasive regulator of meiosis

    Nikhil R Bhagwat et al.
    Multi-dimensional global proteomics describes the SUMO-modified proteome during meiosis and reveals novel roles in regulating the key events of meiotic chromosome metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    The connectome of the adult Drosophila mushroom body provides insights into function

    Feng Li et al.
    Analysis of neuronal circuit architecture provides mechanistic insights into what an adult fly can learn, remember, and use to guide its behavior.

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