1,871 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Manipulation of the human tRNA pool reveals distinct tRNA sets that act in cellular proliferation or cell cycle arrest

    Noa Aharon-Hefetz et al.
    Systematic CRISPR-based editing of tRNA genes revealed that different human cells that span a range of growth rates and different modes of proliferation states require diverse tRNA sets.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neutrophil infiltration regulates clock-gene expression to organize daily hepatic metabolism

    María Crespo et al.
    Circadian neutrophil infiltration in the liver modulates liver clock-gene expression and daily hepatic metabolism through the secretion of elastase and activation of JNK-FGF21-Bmal1 axis in the hepatocyte.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila PDGF/VEGF signaling from muscles to hepatocyte-like cells protects against obesity

    Arpan C Ghosh et al.
    A muscle-derived signaling molecule suppresses excessive accumulation of lipids in the Drosophila adipose tissue by activating the Pi3K/Akt/mTOR signaling cascade in the Drosophila hepatocyte-like cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Islet vascularization is regulated by primary endothelial cilia via VEGF-A-dependent signaling

    Yan Xiong et al.
    Primary cilia on endothelial cells are required for VEGF-A/ VEGFR2-dependent signaling, islet vascularization and, consequently, nutrient delivery and insulin disposal.
    1. Cell Biology

    Polo-like kinase acts as a molecular timer that safeguards the asymmetric fate of spindle microtubule-organizing centers

    Laura Matellán et al.
    Molecular and cell biology analyses reveal novel roles of Polo-like kinases in establishing non-random segregation patterns of spindle-associated microtubule-organizing centers during mitosis, a phenomenon linked with replicative cell aging.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dot1l interacts with Zc3h10 to activate Ucp1 and other thermogenic genes

    Danielle Yi et al.
    Dot1l and its H3K79 methyltransferase activity are required for thermogenesis, and Dot1l is recruited by Zc3h10 to its targets genes to alter chromatin accessibility to activate the thermogenic gene program.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Genome-wide effects of the antimicrobial peptide apidaecin on translation termination in bacteria

    Kyle Mangano et al.
    Inhibition of bacterial protein synthesis by an antimicrobial peptide apidaecin triggers translation arrest at the stop codons, ribosome queuing and pervasive stop codon readthrough.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamics of nevus development implicate cell cooperation in the growth arrest of transformed melanocytes

    Rolando Ruiz-Vega et al.
    Spontaneous growth arrest of transformed melanocytes (resulting in benign “moles”) does not result from cell-autonomous oncogene-induced senescence, but can be explained by collective mechanisms used in normal tissue size control.
    1. Developmental Biology

    m6A RNA methylation impacts fate choices during skin morphogenesis

    Linghe Xi et al.
    METTL3-mediated m6A modification maintains proper cell lineage specification during skin epithelium morphogenesis by coupling transcription and translation of key regulatory pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-aa regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria associations

    Mroj Alassaf, Mary C Halloran
    An extracellular modulator of IGF1 signaling, Pappaa, regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria connections, which are critical for metabolic homeostasis and hair cell survival.

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