1,039 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential spatiotemporal development of Purkinje cell populations and cerebellum-dependent sensorimotor behaviors

    Gerrit Cornelis Beekhof et al.
    Different Purkinje cell subpopulations show distinct developmental profiles of physiological activity, climbing fiber inputs and axonal and dendritic morphology, matching different timelines of cerebellum-dependent behaviors.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Detecting adaptive introgression in human evolution using convolutional neural networks

    Graham Gower et al.
    Convolutional neural networks are an effective tool for detecting archaic adaptive introgression from genomic data.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Asymmetric localization of the cell division machinery during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Kanika Khanna et al.
    During sporulation, FtsAZ filaments mediating cell division in Bacillus subtilis are positioned asymmetrically around the septum only on the mother cell side, making the septum thinner than during vegetative growth.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Bacterial death and TRADD-N domains help define novel apoptosis and immunity mechanisms shared by prokaryotes and metazoans

    Gurmeet Kaur et al.
    Prokaryotic TRADD-N and Death-like adaptor domains in diverse predicted apoptosis and immune systems from multicellular prokaryotes and metazoans indicate the common origin of key apoptosis mechanisms required for the stabilization of multicellularity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic NMDA receptors facilitate short-term plasticity and BDNF release at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses

    Pablo J Lituma et al.
    By facilitating glutamate and BDNF release, presynaptic NMDA receptors may control information transfer from the dentate gyrus to the CA3 area of the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corticothalamic gating of population auditory thalamocortical transmission in mouse

    Baher A Ibrahim et al.
    Sensory stimulation produces stochastic population responses in the cortex that are governed by layer 6 cortico-reticular projections that modulate thalamic synchrony.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Voltage-clamp fluorometry analysis of structural rearrangements of ATP-gated channel P2X2 upon hyperpolarization

    Rizki Tsari Andriani, Yoshihiro Kubo
    A fluorometric analysis under voltage clamp shows the presence of a converged electric field in P2X2 channel with no canonical voltage-sensor and identifies the structural determinants for the voltage-dependent gating.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic strategies for high-efficiency all-optical interrogation using blue-light-sensitive opsins

    Angelo Forli et al.
    A new soma-targeted variant of the large-conductance blue-light-sensitive opsin CoChR combined with advanced optical stimulation methods allows high-efficiency all-optical neuronal imaging and stimulation in mouse brain in vivo.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM channels mediate learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention

    Adam Filipowicz et al.
    Behavioral assays using Caenorhabditis elegans show that a learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention requires specific chemosensory neurons and TRPM channels in the intestine and excretory cell.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Short and long sleeping mutants reveal links between sleep and macroautophagy

    Joseph L Bedont et al.
    Unbiased and targeted genetic approaches reveal a link between sleep and autophagy that could be relevant for sleep function, and for understanding pathological consequences of chronic sleep loss.

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