112 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Whole-organism 3D quantitative characterization of zebrafish melanin by silver deposition micro-CT

    Spencer R Katz et al.
    Melanin staining for micro-CT imaging, using a novel application of ionic silver deposition, enables qualitative and quantitative 3D analysis of zebrafish pigmentation and reveals subtle phenotypes missed by light microscopy.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mutational sources of trans-regulatory variation affecting gene expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Fabien Duveau et al.
    Mapping mutations affecting gene expression within the yeast genome and within a gene regulatory network reveals properties of the raw material for regulatory variation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    TMEM120A is a coenzyme A-binding membrane protein with structural similarities to ELOVL fatty acid elongase

    Jing Xue et al.
    Cryo-EM structure of human TMEM120A reveals that it is a coenzyme A-binding protein and is unlikely to function as a mechanosensitive channel as was recently proposed.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A Brownian ratchet model for DNA loop extrusion by the cohesin complex

    Torahiko L Higashi et al.
    A structure-based model of the chromosomal cohesin complex, accompanied by molecular-mechanistic simulations, explains cohesin's key role in topologically entrapping DNA, as well as its ability to alternatively extrude DNA loops.
    1. Medicine

    Mechanisms underlying neonate-specific metabolic effects of volatile anesthetics

    Julia Stokes et al.
    Volatile anesthetics impair hepatic tricarboxylic acid cycle function in adult and neonatal mice, with citrate accumulation driving a neonate-specific inhibition of beta-oxidation and ketosis through their increased relative sensitivity to malonyl-CoA.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Folding of cohesin’s coiled coil is important for Scc2/4-induced association with chromosomes

    Naomi J Petela et al.
    First evidence of cohesin folding occurring in vivo and during cohesion together with a detailed description of the structural aspects of cohesin's elbow folding through a series of novel structures.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A functional model of adult dentate gyrus neurogenesis

    Olivia Gozel, Wulfram Gerstner
    The GABA input switching from excitatory to inhibitory during maturation of adult-born dentate granule cells is crucial for their integration into the preexisting circuit.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A calcineurin-mediated scaling mechanism that controls a K+-leak channel to regulate morphogen and growth factor transcription

    Chao Yi et al.
    Calcineurin regulates an electrophysiological mechanism that activates the transcription of specific developmental genes in a heirarchical manner to scale fish appendages.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Robo recruitment of the Wave regulatory complex plays an essential and conserved role in midline repulsion

    Karina Chaudhari et al.
    Axon repulsion in response to the midline repellent slit depends on an evolutionary conserved interaction between the Roundabout receptor and the wave regulatory complex.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Live-cell single-molecule tracking highlights requirements for stable Smc5/6 chromatin association in vivo

    Thomas J Etheridge et al.
    In vivo single-molecule imaging demonstrates that Smc5/6 chromatin association depends on ATP hydrolysis and dsDNA binding, requires Nse6 and is modulated by Brc1 after DNA damage.

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