70 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    APP modulates KCC2 expression and function in hippocampal GABAergic inhibition

    Ming Chen et al.
    APP interacts with KCC2 to limit the latter from tyrosine-phosphorylation and ubiquitination and thus subsequent degradation, revealing a novel molecular pathway in which APP regulates GABAergic signaling and thus inhibition in the hippocampus.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Scc2/Nipbl hops between chromosomal cohesin rings after loading

    James Rhodes et al.
    The cohesin loading factor Scc2/Nipbl interacts frequently with cohesin after the loading reaction in a manner consistent with a role in stimulating loop extrusion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Native KCC2 interactome reveals PACSIN1 as a critical regulator of synaptic inhibition

    Vivek Mahadevan et al.
    Unbiased functional proteomics reveal that protein interactions are a key regulator of the strength of synaptic inhibition in neurons of the central nervous system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Scc2 counteracts a Wapl-independent mechanism that releases cohesin from chromosomes during G1

    Madhusudhan Srinivasan et al.
    In G1 cells, Scc2 loads and maintains cohesin on chromosomes by counteracting a Wapl-independent releasing activity, which is neutralized in S phase by CDK1.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Thalamo-cortical axons regulate the radial dispersion of neocortical GABAergic interneurons

    Sabrina Zechel et al.
    Glutamate derived from thalamo-cortical axons regulates the radial dispersion of interneurons in the developing mouse neocortex by limiting the level of expression of the K/Cl co-transporter KCC2.
    1. Neuroscience

    The adipocyte hormone leptin sets the emergence of hippocampal inhibition in mice

    Camille Dumon et al.
    Maternal obesity and excess of the adipocyte hormone leptin delays the emergence of synaptic inhibition in the developing brain mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory neurons are more disinhibited than inhibitory neurons by chloride dysregulation in the spinal dorsal horn

    Kwan Yeop Lee et al.
    The flow of somatosensory information through the spinal dorsal horn is regulated by synaptic inhibition, which acts upon excitatory and inhibitory interneurons, but the former are especially prone to disinhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calpain fosters the hyperexcitability of motoneurons after spinal cord injury and leads to spasticity

    Vanessa Plantier et al.
    Calpain is a promising therapeutic target to reduce spasticity after a spinal cord injury.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Biophysical models reveal the relative importance of transporter proteins and impermeant anions in chloride homeostasis

    Kira M Düsterwald et al.
    Mathematical models with experimental validation show that chloride transporters in the cell membrane, and not negatively charged impermeant molecules, generate the driving force used by GABA receptors to silence neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1 couples sister chromatid cohesion establishment to DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Wei Zhang et al.
    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1-induced H2B monoubiquitination is epigenetically important for recruiting replication factor Mcm10 and cohesion establishment factors Ctf4, Ctf18 and Eco1 to early replication origins to establish sister chromatid cohesion.

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