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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for isoform-specific kinesin-1 recognition of Y-acidic cargo adaptors

    Stefano Pernigo et al.
    X-ray crystallography reveals how kinesin-1 recognises a novel class of cargo adaptor motifs in an isoform-specific manner.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures reveal opening of the store-operated calcium channel Orai

    Xiaowei Hou et al.
    The structure of the calcium channel Orai in an open conformation reveals a dilated pore and gives insight into mechanisms of ion permeation and calcium selectivity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1 couples sister chromatid cohesion establishment to DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Wei Zhang et al.
    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1-induced H2B monoubiquitination is epigenetically important for recruiting replication factor Mcm10 and cohesion establishment factors Ctf4, Ctf18 and Eco1 to early replication origins to establish sister chromatid cohesion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    TANGO1 builds a machine for collagen export by recruiting and spatially organizing COPII, tethers and membranes

    Ishier Raote et al.
    TANGO1 creates a sub-compartment at the endoplasmic reticulum, to segregate and export fully assembled bulky cargoes.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Expression of SREBP-1c Requires SREBP-2-mediated Generation of a Sterol Ligand for LXR in Livers of Mice

    Shunxing Rong et al.
    SREBP-2 directly regulates genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis and indirectly regulates fatty acid synthesis through the production of a ligand responsible for the activation of LXR and SREBP-1c.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The ATPases of cohesin interface with regulators to modulate cohesin-mediated DNA tethering

    Gamze Çamdere et al.
    A critical second step in DNA tethering by cohesin occurs after its stable binding to DNA, and this second step is modulated by the Smc3 ATPase active site in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-driven transcriptional changes in prefrontal cortex override genetic differences in social behavior

    Mar Gacias et al.
    Gut microbiota can influence mPFC transcriptional profiles and myelin content, overriding the impact of genetic background in the development of social avoidance behavior.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cooperation of the ER-shaping proteins atlastin, lunapark, and reticulons to generate a tubular membrane network

    Songyu Wang et al.
    Experiments with mammalian cells and Xenopus egg extracts elucidate how three proteins cooperate to shape the reticular endoplasmic reticulum network.
    1. Neuroscience

    Relaxation of synaptic inhibitory events as a compensatory mechanism in fetal SOD spinal motor networks

    Pascal Branchereau et al.
    Electrophysiological and simulation approaches show that a chloride-related longer relaxation of the inhibitory synaptic events partially compensates the early defect in the chloride homeostasis detected in fetal SOD spinal motoneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Seasonal plasticity in GABAA signaling is necessary for restoring phase synchrony in the master circadian clock network

    Kayla E Rohr et al.
    A seasonal switch to excitatory GABAA signaling dictates how daily clock neurons interact to encode environmental change.