460 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Non-catalytic motor domains enable processive movement and functional diversification of the kinesin-14 Kar3

    Christine Mieck et al.
    The kinesin-14 motor Kar3 moves along microtubules using a previously undescribed mechanism that critically requires the presence of a non-catalytic head.
    1. Plant Biology

    UBP12 and UBP13 negatively regulate the activity of the ubiquitin-dependent peptidases DA1, DAR1 and DAR2

    Hannes Vanhaeren et al.
    By inactivating DA1, DAR1 and DAR2 through deubiquitination, UBP12 and UBP13 regulate leaf growth, cell area and endoreduplication.
    1. Plant Biology

    The CLAVATA receptor FASCIATED EAR2 responds to distinct CLE peptides by signaling through two downstream effectors

    Byoung Il Je et al.
    The maize CLAVATA receptor, FEA2, functions in the perception of two different ligands, and remarkably that signaling from these different inputs is differentiated by the receptor interacting with two different downstream components.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibitory peptidergic modulation of C. elegans serotonin neurons is gated by T-type calcium channels

    Kara E Zang et al.
    Genetic analysis of how neuropeptides control C. elegans reproductive behavior shows how T-type calcium channels engage and disengage target neurons from these critical regulators of neural circuits and behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Permeabilization-free en bloc immunohistochemistry for correlative microscopy

    Kara A Fulton, Kevin L Briggman
    Immunohistochemical labeling of antigens deep within mouse brain tissue sections was achieved without the need for lipid permeabilization, thereby preserving tissue ultrastructure and enabling correlative light and electron microscopy studies.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Quantitative system drift compensates for altered maternal inputs to the gap gene network of the scuttle fly Megaselia abdita

    Karl R Wotton et al.
    Quantitative system-level analysis of a pattern-forming gene regulatory network in a non-model organism shows that dynamic changes in gene expression evolve through quantitative system drift.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cytoplasmic chromatin fragments—from mechanisms to therapeutic potential

    Karl N Miller et al.
    Cytoplasmic chromatin fragment formation pathways in senescent cells are a potential therapeutic target for modulation of inflammation in aging, which contributes to age-associated diseases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cellular aspect ratio and cell division mechanics underlie the patterning of cell progeny in diverse mammalian epithelia

    Kara L McKinley et al.
    The process of cytokinesis can allow cell lineages to intermix in mammalian epithelia, and cellular aspect ratio is a critical modulator of this behavior.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The complex relationship of exposure to new Plasmodium infections and incidence of clinical malaria in Papua New Guinea

    Natalie E Hofmann et al.
    Under sustained malaria control in PNG, the incidence of distinct blood-stage infections quantifies heterogeneity in transmission, significantly predicting risk of both P. falciparum and P. vivax malaria episodes at a population and individual scale.

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