1,167 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinesin-6 regulates cell-size-dependent spindle elongation velocity to keep mitosis duration constant in fission yeast

    Lara Katharina Krüger et al.
    The scaling of spindle elongation velocity with cell size is regulated by the amounts of Kinesin-6 molecules and the number of binding sites for the motor to the mitotic spindle.
    1. Cell Biology

    CYK-4 functions independently of its centralspindlin partner ZEN-4 to cellularize oocytes in germline syncytia

    Kian-Yong Lee et al.
    The CYK-4 subunit of the broadly conserved intercellular bridge component centralspindlin, but not its ZEN-4 subunit, is essential for the cytokinesis-like closure of intercellular bridges that cellularizes oocytes to separate them from germline syncytia.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic morphology and vesicular composition determine vesicle dynamics in mouse central synapses

    Laurent Guillaud et al.
    In central synapses, the mobility and supply of synaptic vesicles are determined by two independent biological factors: the morphological and structural organization of nerve terminals and the molecular signature of vesicles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanosensory neurons control the timing of spinal microcircuit selection during locomotion

    Steven Knafo et al.
    Bioluminescence monitoring and selective silencing in zebrafish larva reveal a novel sensorimotor circuit modulating speed in the moving spinal cord.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The Ndc80 complex bridges two Dam1 complex rings

    Jae ook Kim et al.
    The ability of the Ndc80 complex to bind two Dam1 complex rings is important for chromosome attachment, and the distance between the two rings is vital for supporting growth.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Erythropoietin signaling regulates heme biosynthesis

    Jacky Chung et al.
    EPO/JAK2/PKA signaling cascade via AKAP10 relocalization to the outer mitochondrial membrane results in the phosphorylation of the terminal heme synthesis enzyme ferrochelatase, which contributes to heme production in red cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Protein-mediated RNA folding governs sequence-specific interactions between rotavirus genome segments

    Alexander Borodavka et al.
    In rotaviruses, the selective packaging of eleven distinct genomic RNA segments requires virus-encoded protein NSP2 to alter the RNA structures, facilitating their interactions with each other.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Control of AMPA receptor activity by the extracellular loops of auxiliary proteins

    Irene Riva et al.
    Glutamate receptor auxiliary proteins exert their effects on receptor gating through two divergent extracellular loops, explaining subunit specificity and allowing the construction of null versions that form complexes normally but do not modify receptor gating.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Plant Biology

    Kinetics of the LOV domain of ZEITLUPE determine its circadian function in Arabidopsis

    Ashutosh Pudasaini et al.
    In the plant circadian clock photoreceptor ZEITLUPE, evolutionarily selected residues distinguish photocycle kinetics and allosteric signal transduction pathways to permit proper circadian timing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Efficient protein targeting to the inner nuclear membrane requires Atlastin-dependent maintenance of ER topology

    Sumit Pawar et al.
    Efficient targeting of membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the inner nuclear membrane depends on GTP hydrolysis by Atlastin GTPases and their function in maintaining an interconnected topology of the ER network.

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