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    1. Cell Biology

    Super-resolution microscopy reveals majorly mono- and dimeric presenilin1/γ-secretase at the cell surface

    Abril Angélica Escamilla-Ayala et al.
    Super-resolution microscopy sets a new strategy to comprehend the membrane organization of γ-secretase at single complex resolution identifying nanodomain associations and its diffusion in situ in the living membrane.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Adaptive tuning of mutation rates allows fast response to lethal stress in Escherichia coli

    Toon Swings et al.
    Population mutation rates are highly flexible and evolvable under extreme stress conditions, matching changes in selective pressure to avoid extinction of the entire population.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Human DECR1 is an androgen-repressed survival factor that regulates PUFA oxidation to protect prostate tumor cells from ferroptosis

    Zeyad D Nassar et al.
    DECR1, a rate-limiting enzyme for polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) β-oxidation, is an androgen-repressed gene in prostate cancer cells that limits oxidative stress to promote cancer cell survival.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Modulation of the Erwinia ligand-gated ion channel (ELIC) and the 5-HT3 receptor via a common vestibule site

    Marijke Brams et al.
    Development of nanobodies against a model pentameric ligand-gated ion channel demonstrates they can be functionally active as negative or positive allosteric modulators and offers opportunities for future drug development.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Mismatch repair deficiency endows tumors with a unique mutation signature and sensitivity to DNA double-strand breaks

    Hui Zhao et al.
    A comprehensive catalogue of somatic mutations accumulating in MMR-deficient tumors highlights their relevance in the context of human genetic evolution, for the diagnosis of microsatellite instability and the provision of targeted treatment options.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gain of channel function and modified gating properties in TRPM3 mutants causing intellectual disability and epilepsy

    Evelien Van Hoeymissen et al.
    Two mutations in TRPM3 resulting in developmental and epileptic encephalopathies result in a gain-of-channel function, which may lie at the basis of epileptic activity and neurodevelopmental symptoms in the patients.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Nuclei determine the spatial origin of mitotic waves

    Felix E Nolet et al.
    Nuclei and spatial system dimensions control local concentrations of cell cycle regulators, determining the spatial origin of waves that coordinate​ DNA replication and, subsequently, cell division.
    1. Cell Biology

    Deficiency of parkin and PINK1 impairs age-dependent mitophagy in Drosophila

    Tom Cornelissen et al.
    Mitophagy occurs in Drosophila flight muscle and dopaminergic neurons in vivo and increases with aging in a PINK1/parkin-dependent fashion.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A new genus of horse from Pleistocene North America

    Peter D Heintzman et al.
    The extinct stilt-legged equids of North America are not related to Asiatic asses or horses, but instead represent a distinct lineage outside of living equid diversity that became extinct in the terminal Pleistocene.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    XLF acts as a flexible connector during non-homologous end joining

    Sean M Carney et al.
    The disordered C-terminal tail allows XRCC4-like factor (XLF) to find and bind the XRCC4-Lig4 complex, enabling DNA end synapsis and subsequent ligation during non-homologous end joining.