66 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel mechanosensitive channel controls osmoregulation, differentiation, and infectivity in Trypanosoma cruzi

    Noopur Dave et al.
    Structurally divergent bacterial-like mechanosensitive channels control multiple cellular functions in protozoan parasites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ankyrin-R regulates fast-spiking interneuron excitability through perineuronal nets and Kv3.1b K+ channels

    Sharon R Stevens et al.
    Analysis of AnkyrinR conditional knockout mice shows that AnkyrinR regulates PV+ fast-spiking interneurons by organizing and maintaining perineuronal nets and through the membrane clustering of Kv3.1b K+ channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamus and claustrum control parallel layer 1 circuits in retrosplenial cortex

    Ellen KW Brennan et al.
    Parallel input streams to layer 1 identify a computationally distinct principal neuronal subtype ideally positioned to support spatial orientation computations in the granular retrosplenial cortex.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Kv1.1 channels regulate early postnatal neurogenesis in mouse hippocampus via the TrkB signaling pathway

    Shu-Min Chou et al.
    Kv1.1 potassium channels regulate postnatal neurogenesis in the hippocampus via increasing the membrane excitability that activates the TrkB signaling pathway in a cell-autonomous manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic strategies for high-efficiency all-optical interrogation using blue-light-sensitive opsins

    Angelo Forli et al.
    A new soma-targeted variant of the large-conductance blue-light-sensitive opsin CoChR combined with advanced optical stimulation methods allows high-efficiency all-optical neuronal imaging and stimulation in mouse brain in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reformulation of an extant ATPase active site to mimic ancestral GTPase activity reveals a nucleotide base requirement for function

    Taylor B Updegrove et al.
    Reengineering the nucleotide-binding pocket of an extant ATPase to restore ancestral GTPase activity revealed an ATP-dependent intermediate required for function and suggested why the protein evolved to use ATP.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TDP-43 maximizes nerve conduction velocity by repressing a cryptic exon for paranodal junction assembly in Schwann cells

    Kae-Jiun Chang et al.
    Glial TDP-43 regulates splicing and expression of neurofascin and is required for proper assembly and maintenance of paranodal axoglial junctions.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Dyshomeostatic modulation of Ca2+-activated K+ channels in a human neuronal model of KCNQ2 encephalopathy

    Dina Simkin et al.
    An inducedpluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-based model of KCNQ2-associated developmental epileptic encephalopathy suggests that disease is driven by dyshomeostaic neuronal mechanisms that are downstream of loss of M-current.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cold-induced hyperphagia requires AgRP neuron activation in mice

    Jennifer D Deem et al.
    A combination of neuroscience approaches and indirect calorimetry demonstrate a physiological role for AgRP neurons in cold-induced hyperphagia and strongly suggest temperature is an important regulator of AgRP neuron activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    How many neurons are sufficient for perception of cortical activity?

    Henry WP Dalgleish et al.
    Targeted optogenetic activation of small ensembles of neurons is sufficient to trigger a behavioral report while recruiting matched network suppression, suggesting exquisite sensitivity despite network mechanisms that maintain sparseness.

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