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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The Melanocortin Receptor Accessory Protein 2 promotes food intake through inhibition of the Prokineticin Receptor-1

    Anna L Chaly et al.
    A non-melanocortin G-protein coupled receptor is inhibited by the Melanocortin Receptor Accessory Protein 2 (MRAP2) to control food intake in mammals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantitative isoform-profiling of highly diversified recognition molecules

    Dietmar Schreiner et al.
    A technique called selected reaction monitoring can quantitatively detect highly diversified protein isoforms and their association with specific neuronal structures and complexes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    EGF-dependent re-routing of vesicular recycling switches spontaneous phosphorylation suppression to EGFR signaling

    Martin Baumdick et al.
    Plasticity arising from autocatalytic receptor activation coexists with robustness in ligand responsiveness only by differential endosomal sorting of spontaneous and ligand-activated EGFR as distinct molecular states.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Pausing guides RNA folding to populate transiently stable RNA structures for riboswitch-based transcription regulation

    Hannah Steinert et al.
    The discontinuous speed of transcription enables riboswitch molecules to adopt meta-stable structures in response to the presence of their cognate ligand, thereby gene-regulation by means of structure induced transcription termination can occur.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Recognition of the small regulatory RNA RydC by the bacterial Hfq protein

    Daniela Dimastrogiovanni et al.
    The regulatory RNA RydC binds to Hfq to make an effector complex for the recognition of targeted mRNA in the regulation of genetic information.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Control of RNA viruses in mosquito cells through the acquisition of vDNA and endogenous viral elements

    Michel Tassetto et al.
    Virus infection in mosquitoes initiates a highly discriminatory process in which fragments of viral RNA are reverse transcribed to create DNA copies that serve as templates of small antiviral RNAs.
    1. Cell Biology

    The homophilic receptor PTPRK selectively dephosphorylates multiple junctional regulators to promote cell–cell adhesion

    Gareth W Fearnley et al.
    Systematic proteomic approaches identify several cell junction regulators as substrates for the homophilic receptor tyrosine phosphatase PTPRK and implicate its pseudophosphatase domain in substrate recognition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Transsynaptic interactions between IgSF proteins DIP-α and Dpr10 are required for motor neuron targeting specificity

    James Ashley et al.
    Synaptic partner recognition in the Drosophila neuromuscular circuit requires interactions between the Dpr and DIP subfamilies of immunoglobulin cell-surface proteins.
    1. Cell Biology

    Peroxisomal lactate dehydrogenase is generated by translational readthrough in mammals

    Fabian Schueren et al.
    Whole-genome in silico screening for stop codon contexts that produce elevated translational readthrough and peroxisome targeting reveals that in mammals, the amount of lactate dehydrogenase in the peroxisome is controlled by translational readthrough.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic organization of the Drosophila antennal lobe and its regulation by the Teneurins

    Timothy J Mosca, Liqun Luo
    A comprehensive synapse-level analysis of a fly central-brain region has led to the identification of molecules that are necessary for mediating the normal density of connections.