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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Maturing Mycobacterium smegmatis peptidoglycan requires non-canonical crosslinks to maintain shape

    Catherine Baranowski et al.
    Polar elongating mycobacteria (Mycobacterium smegmatis) require specific cell wall chemistries, those catalyzed by targets of critical antibiotics, to maintain rod shape at aging sites of the bacillus.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Post-transcriptional repression of circadian component CLOCK regulates cancer-stemness in murine breast cancer cells

    Takashi Ogino et al.
    The expression of the major circadian component CLOCK is a key regulator of stemness in breast cancer cells, which can be a novel strategy for breast cancer treatment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Transient protein accumulation at the center of the T cell antigen-presenting cell interface drives efficient IL-2 secretion

    Danielle J Clark et al.
    A membrane-associated, supramolecular protein complex with dynamically changing components, the central supramolecular activation cluster, regulates the generation of the T cell effector cytokine IL-2 depending on its composition.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Cortex cis-regulatory switches establish scale colour identity and pattern diversity in Heliconius

    Luca Livraghi et al.
    The evolution of a butterfly mimetic phenotype is driven by modular cis-regulstory switches controlling a ‘hotspot’ gene.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Reduced signal for polygenic adaptation of height in UK Biobank

    Jeremy J Berg et al.
    Many prior signals of polygenic adaptation on human height do not replicate in the UK Biobank.
    1. Plant Biology

    An oomycete effector subverts host vesicle trafficking to channel starvation-induced autophagy to the pathogen interface

    Pooja Pandey et al.
    A pathogen effector mimics starvation-induced autophagy by subverting host endomembrane trafficking to stimulate biogenesis of autophagosomes around pathogen feeding sites, revealing how pathogens interlock distinct host compartments to facilitate infection.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Single-PanIN-seq unveils that ARID1A deficiency promotes pancreatic tumorigenesis by attenuating KRAS-induced senescence

    Shou Liu et al.
    ARID1A deficiency in SWI/SNF complex promotes pancreatic tumor development by upregulating ALDH protein levels to effectively reduce cellular reactive oxygen species levels, leading to the significant attenuation of oncogenic KRAS-induced senescence.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Metabolic reprogramming during neuronal differentiation from aerobic glycolysis to neuronal oxidative phosphorylation

    Xinde Zheng et al.
    The shutoff of aerobic glycolysis in neuronal differentiation is essential for neuronal survival.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    In vivo genetic dissection of tumor growth and the Warburg effect

    Cheng-Wei Wang et al.
    A Drosophila tumor model reveals how the activation of an oncogenic pathway can lead to both tumor growth and a reprogramming of metabolism known as the Warberg effect.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NFATc2 enhances tumor-initiating phenotypes through the NFATc2/SOX2/ALDH axis in lung adenocarcinoma

    Zhi-Jie Xiao et al.
    NFATc2 maintains the drug-induced TIC phenotypes through trans-activating SOX2/ALDH1A1 expression and scavenging stress from ROS.