A transcriptome dataset of nearly 200 genetically identified mouse neuronal cell types revealed that short low-noise homeobox transcription factors and long neuronal effector genes best distinguish neuronal cell types.
The survival of Drosophila amacrine neurons is controlled by neurotrophic signaling mediated by interactions between the cell surface protein DIP-γ and its partner Dpr11, which is expressed on presynaptic photoreceptors.
Single episodes of voluntary exercise induced a functional increase in hippocampal synapses mediated by activity-dependent expression of the BAR protein Mtss1L, acting as a novel early effector of synapse formation.
Evolutionary bioinformatics and experimentation are applied to the components of the Tat protein transport system to elucidate the structure of the membrane-bound receptor complex and to deduce a molecular description for its substrate-triggered activation.
The conserved mechanism of Notch down-regulation by endo-lysosomal trafficking plays important roles in the proliferation and differentiation of stem and progenitor cells during embryogenesis or organogenesis in vertebrates.