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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional role of the type 1 pilus rod structure in mediating host-pathogen interactions

    Caitlin N Spaulding et al.
    The helical rod structure and dynamic spring-like properties of the type 1 pilus are evolutionarily fine-tuned for functioning in host-pathogen interactions during urinary tract infection and gut colonization.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 searches DNA via a ‘monkey bar’ mechanism

    Johannes Rudolph et al.
    By moving between DNA segments like a child swinging on monkey bars, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 explores possible DNA damage sites more effectively.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A picorna-like virus suppresses the N-end rule pathway to inhibit apoptosis

    Zhaowei Wang et al.
    A picorna-like virus promotes the accumulation of caspase-cleaved drosophila inhibitor of apoptosis 1 by inducing the degradation of NTAN1, a key N-end rule degradation pathway component, leading to apoptosis inhibition and viral replication enhancement.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Yap1 safeguards mouse embryonic stem cells from excessive apoptosis during differentiation

    Lucy LeBlanc et al.
    During ES cell differentiation, Yap1 directly regulates apoptosis-related genes like Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 to attenuate apoptosis and promote cell survival to allow for successful cell fate changes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 is captured and displayed for B cell recognition by SIGN-R1+ lymph node macrophages

    Chung Park et al.
    Lymph node gp120 specific B cells extract locally injected HIV-1 gp120 from SIGN-R1 positive macrophages that line the subcapsular sinus overlying the lymph node interfollicular channels.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibiotic-induced acceleration of type 1 diabetes alters maturation of innate intestinal immunity

    Xue-Song Zhang et al.
    Alteration of host gut microbiota by antibiotic exposure in early life remodeled host intestinal immune development and metabolism and enhanced the induction of type 1 diabetes in genetically predisposed animals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Dynamics of preventive vs post-diagnostic cancer control using low-impact measures

    Andrei R Akhmetzhanov, Michael E Hochberg
    A model based on empirical parameter estimates predicts that arresting cancer cell growth by less than 1% per day will produce optimal outcomes in preventing life-threatening cancers, and that such preventive measures are generally more successful than post-diagnostic interventions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell single-molecule tracking reveals co-recognition of H3K27me3 and DNA targets polycomb Cbx7-PRC1 to chromatin

    Chao Yu Zhen et al.
    Live-cell single-molecule tracking reveals that hierarchical cooperation within the Polycomb Cbx7 protein between the low-affinity H3K27me3-binding module and the high-affinity DNA-binding cassette targets Polycomb repressive complex 1 to chromatin.
    1. Cell Biology

    The human cytoplasmic dynein interactome reveals novel activators of motility

    William B Redwine et al.
    Using a proximity-dependent labeling approach in living cells, the human cytoplasmic dynein-1 interactome was identified and a new family of dynein activators, ninein and ninein-like, was discovered.