602 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A novel pathway of LPS uptake through syndecan-1 leading to pyroptotic cell death

    Shigetoshi Yokoyama et al.
    A novel pathway was discovered for cellular uptake of LPS through secretory protein secretoglobin3A2 and a receptor syndecan-1, causing activation of non-canonical inflammasome pathway leading to pyroptosis of cancer cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomic analysis supports the ancestral presence of LPS-outer membranes in the Firmicutes

    Luisa CS Antunes et al.
    Phylogenomics provides support for the Gram-positive type of bacterial cell envelope being a derived character that arose independently multiple times through loss of an ancestral outer membrane.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD14 release induced by P2X7 receptor restricts inflammation and increases survival during sepsis

    Cristina Alarcón-Vila et al.
    A murine model of sepsis shows that the purinergic P2X7 receptor controls the release of CD14 in extracellular vesicles playing a key role in cytokine production, bacterial clearance, and survival.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A filter at the entrance of the Golgi that selects vesicles according to size and bulk lipid composition

    Maud Magdeleine et al.
    The golgin GMAP-210 captures vesicles at the cis Golgi by merely recognizing the high curvature and lipid unsaturation level of transport vesicles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gustatory-mediated avoidance of bacterial lipopolysaccharides via TRPA1 activation in Drosophila

    Alessia Soldano et al.
    Fruit flies can taste and avoid food contaminated with a bacterial toxin using the same channel protein that functions in humans as sensor of noxious chemical stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural ensemble dynamics in dorsal motor cortex during speech in people with paralysis

    Sergey D Stavisky et al.
    Neurons in human dorsal motor cortex, an area involved in controlling arm and hand movements, are also active – and show similar ensemble dynamics – during speaking.
    1. Neuroscience

    A transient cortical state with sleep-like sensory responses precedes emergence from general anesthesia in humans

    Laura D Lewis et al.
    Intracranial recordings of human brain activity during awakening from general anesthesia exhibit a brief brain state not seen during loss of consciousness, in which stimuli elicit large electrophysiological responses that resemble those seen in sleep.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Digital signaling decouples activation probability and population heterogeneity

    Ryan A Kellogg et al.
    Digital NF-κB signaling achieves orthogonal control over the probability of activation (percentage of activated cells) and dynamic response heterogeneity in the population via the area and shape of the input profile.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Massive antibody discovery used to probe structure–function relationships of the essential outer membrane protein LptD

    Kelly M Storek et al.
    Dispensable loops shield the functionally-important extracellular loops of the essential Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane protein LptD from antibody interference.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A model symbiosis reveals a role for sheathed-flagellum rotation in the release of immunogenic lipopolysaccharide

    Caitlin A Brennan et al.
    Both beneficial and pathogenic bacteria can use their sheathed flagella during host colonization as a novel toxin-/signal-delivery mechanism.

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