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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    FRET-based dynamic structural biology: Challenges, perspectives and an appeal for open-science practices

    Eitan Lerner et al.
    A summary of the current “state-of-the-field” of single-molecule FRET used for probing biomolecular structural dynamics.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Endothelial junctional membrane protrusions serve as hotspots for neutrophil transmigration

    Janine JG Arts et al.
    Neutrophils use dorsal membrane protrusions of endothelial cells to cross the vascular wall.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Lineage tracing of genome-edited alleles reveals high fidelity axolotl limb regeneration

    Grant Parker Flowers et al.
    CRISPR-based lineage tracing in the axolotl shows that regenerated limbs are composed of the same cell lineages in the same frequencies as those that gave rise to the original limb.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of limb development in cephalopod mollusks

    Oscar A Tarazona et al.
    Cuttlefish embryos reveal that cephalopod mollusks evolved specialized arms and tentacles by activating the same genetic circuits that control development of limbs in arthropods and vertebrates.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) prime the limb specific Shh enhancer for chromatin changes that balance histone acetylation mediated by E26 transformation-specific (ETS) factors

    Silvia Peluso et al.
    FGF signalling is responsible for priming the developmental enhancer ZRS across the distal limb mesenchyme during development, allowing ETS factors to modulate its activity through balancing histone acetylation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    T-box3 is a ciliary protein and regulates stability of the Gli3 transcription factor to control digit number

    Uchenna Emechebe et al.
    The transcription and splicing factor T-box3 is present in primary cilia, regulates multiple aspects of limb development, and interacts with members of the protein complex required for the stability and processing of the Gli3 transcription factor.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    External location of touch is constructed post-hoc based on limb choice

    Femke Maij et al.
    Humans retrospectively localize touch after deciding on which limb it occurred, challenging the mainstream idea that tactile location in space is the basis for assigning touch to a body part.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    GLI transcriptional repression regulates tissue-specific enhancer activity in response to Hedgehog signaling

    Rachel K Lex et al.
    GLI3 represses Hedgehog target gene expression by regulating histone modifications at a subset of tissue-specific GLI-bound enhancers.