2,906 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomic analysis supports the ancestral presence of LPS-outer membranes in the Firmicutes

    Luisa CS Antunes et al.
    Phylogenomics provides support for the Gram-positive type of bacterial cell envelope being a derived character that arose independently multiple times through loss of an ancestral outer membrane.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A novel pathway of LPS uptake through syndecan-1 leading to pyroptotic cell death

    Shigetoshi Yokoyama et al.
    A novel pathway was discovered for cellular uptake of LPS through secretory protein secretoglobin3A2 and a receptor syndecan-1, causing activation of non-canonical inflammasome pathway leading to pyroptosis of cancer cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    GPIHBP1 expression in gliomas promotes utilization of lipoprotein-derived nutrients

    Xuchen Hu et al.
    The expression of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) transporter GPIHBP1 in glioma capillaries promotes the LPL-mediated processing of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, thereby providing lipid nutrients for glioma cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide dynamics of Pol II elongation and its interplay with promoter proximal pausing, chromatin, and exons

    Iris Jonkers et al.
    The elongation rate of RNA Polymerase II varies greatly between and along genes, as this enzyme accelerates from stable pausing to rapid elongation within genes, and is influenced by CG-content, exons and chromatin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Controlling gene activation by enhancers through a drug-inducible topological insulator

    Taro Tsujimura et al.
    A novel synthetic DNA cassette of CTCF-binding sites combined with the drug-controllable induction system of heterochromatin enabled switchable blocking of chromatin conformation and gene-enhancer interaction.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The acidic domain of the endothelial membrane protein GPIHBP1 stabilizes lipoprotein lipase activity by preventing unfolding of its catalytic domain

    Simon Mysling et al.
    Intravascular triglyceride hydrolysis by lipoprotein lipase is crucial for delivering lipid nutrients to vital tissues, such as the heart, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Demographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the great auk

    Jessica E Thomas et al.
    Reconstruction of great auk population dynamics suggests that hunting pressure alone could have been responsible for their extinction, demonstrating that even abundant, widespread species can be vulnerable to intense exploitation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Condensin controls recruitment of RNA polymerase II to achieve nematode X-chromosome dosage compensation

    William S Kruesi et al.
    C. elegans equalizes the expression of X-chromosome genes between the sexes by reducing the recruitment of RNA polymerase II to promoters of X-linked genes in hermaphrodites, using a chromosome-restructuring complex called condensin.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Hsp70 chaperones are non-equilibrium machines that achieve ultra-affinity by energy consumption

    Paolo De Los Rios, Alessandro Barducci
    ATP consumption enables chaperones to exploit the different kinetic properties of their conformational states to exhibit a non-equilibrium affinity for their substrates that is orders of magnitude higher than its equilibrium value.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping sequence structure in the human lateral entorhinal cortex

    Jacob LS Bellmund et al.
    Mnemonic representations in the human anterior-lateral entorhinal cortex change through learning to reflect an experienced temporal event structure and holistic temporal maps relate to memory recall.

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