4,525 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The whale shark genome reveals patterns of vertebrate gene family evolution

    Milton Tan et al.
    The new whale shark genome assembly represents the best gapless chondrichthyan genome assembly yet, and comparative genomic analyses provide insights into the evolution of vertebrate genome origins, immunity, and gigantism.
    1. Cell Biology

    Structural basis for membrane recruitment of ATG16L1 by WIPI2 in autophagy

    Lisa M Strong et al.
    The crystal structure of human WIPI2 bound to the ATG16L1 WIPI2-interacting region, combined with in vitro reconstitution and cellular autophagy assays, shows how the LC3 lipidation machinery is recruited in autophagy initiation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A prion accelerates proliferation at the expense of lifespan

    David M Garcia et al.
    In its capacity to switch into a heritable, prionogenic form, a conserved RNA-modifying enzyme epigenetically alters fundamental growth, aging, and protein synthesis properties of eukaryotic cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Urocortin-3 neurons in the mouse perifornical area promote infant-directed neglect and aggression

    Anita E Autry et al.
    Genetic and functional manipulations uncover urocortin-3-expressing neurons in the perifornical area of the hypothalamus as a dedicated circuit component for the expression of infant-directed neglect and aggression in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleeping at the switch

    Maude Bouchard et al.
    Slow and fast switcher slow waves in human sleep show distinct EEG connectivity patterns and homeostatic regulation as well as changes during aging.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-linear dimensionality reduction on extracellular waveforms reveals cell type diversity in premotor cortex

    Eric Kenji Lee et al.
    WaveMAP is a novel approach that combines nonlinear dimensionality reduction with graph clustering on extracellular waveforms to reveal previously obscured cell type diversity in monkey cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin 7 is targeted to the axonal plasma membrane through γ-secretase processing to promote synaptic vesicle docking in mouse hippocampal neurons

    Jason D Vevea et al.
    Synaptotagmin 7 is asymmetrically localized to the axonal plasma membrane through γ-secretase processing to promote vesicle docking during short-term synaptic plasticity in mouse hippocampal neurons.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vaccination induces rapid protection against bacterial pneumonia via training alveolar macrophage in mice

    Hao Gu et al.
    Intranasal immunization of inactivated whole cell of some Gram-negative bacteria induces very rapid and efficient protection against bacterial pulmonary by training alveolar macrophage response, which can be harnessed to design rapid-effecting vaccine against multidrug-resistant bacteria infection.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Maturation of Purkinje cell firing properties relies on neurogenesis of excitatory neurons

    Meike E van der Heijden et al.
    Intersectional genetics show that excitatory neurons are essential for the functional and anatomical maturation of cerebellar circuits in mice.
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.

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