2,999 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Rbfox1 up-regulation impairs BDNF-dependent hippocampal LTP by dysregulating TrkB isoform expression levels

    Francesco Tomassoni-Ardori et al.
    RbFox1 upregulation modulates the expression of hundreds of genes but only dysregulation of the TrkB.T1 receptor isoform expression causes BDNF-dependent LTP impairments.
    1. Neuroscience

    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory LTD triggers presynaptic remodeling via protein synthesis and ubiquitination

    Hannah R Monday et al.
    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory long-term depression (LTD) relies on both protein synthesis and ubiquitination to elicit structural changes that underlie long-term reduction of GABA release.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A unified computational model for cortical post-synaptic plasticity

    Tuomo Mäki-Marttunen et al.
    Biochemically detailed modelling of pathways leading to post-synaptic plasticity reveals the dependence of neocortical LTP/LTD on the availability of different proteins and stimulation patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Glutamate is required for depression but not potentiation of long-term presynaptic function

    Zahid Padamsey et al.
    Electrophysiological and optical analysis of neurotransmitter release at central synapses reveals that glutamate signalling is not required for the long-term potentiation (LTP) of presynaptic function, and instead only promotes presynaptic long-term depression (LTD).
    1. Neuroscience

    eIF2α-mediated translational control regulates the persistence of cocaine-induced LTP in midbrain dopamine neurons

    Andon N Placzek et al.
    Building on previous work (Huang et al., 2016), we show that translational control by p-eIF2α is a defense mechanism that prevents persistent cocaine-induced synaptic synaptic potentiation underlying compulsive drug seeking.
    1. Neuroscience

    LTD at amygdalocortical synapses as a novel mechanism for hedonic learning

    Melissa S Haley et al.
    Taking advantage of awell-established learning paradigm, conditioned taste aversion (CTA), change of hedonic value of a palatable tastant revealed the neural mechanisms encoding this learning process.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mitochondrial support of persistent presynaptic vesicle mobilization with age-dependent synaptic growth after LTP

    Heather L Smith et al.
    Three-dimensional electron microscopy (3DEM) demonstrates the dependence on presynaptic mitochondria for vesicle mobilization as dendritic spines are silently added at P15 or synapses are silently enlarged in adults after long-term potentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Structural plasticity of dendritic secretory compartments during LTP-induced synaptogenesis

    Yelena D Kulik et al.
    The secretory and recycling components of neuronal dendrites, smooth endoplasmic reticulum and endosomes, were discovered to support synaptogenesis underlying a cellular mechanism of learning and memory in the developing brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    LTP and memory impairment caused by extracellular Aβ and Tau oligomers is APP-dependent

    Daniela Puzzo et al.
    Oligomeric Amyloid-β and Tau, two proteins involved in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis, require Amyloid Precursor Protein to enter neurons and exert their detrimental effect on synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Delivery of circulating lipoproteins to specific neurons in the Drosophila brain regulates systemic insulin signaling

    Marko Brankatschk et al.
    Yeast specific lipids promote the transport of lipid transfer protein (LTP) across the blood brain barrier to the neurons that regulate systemic insulin signaling.

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