1,202 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    LXRs link metabolism to inflammation through Abca1-dependent regulation of membrane composition and TLR signaling

    Ayaka Ito et al.
    The cholesterol-sensing nuclear receptor LXR regulates inflammatory responses by altering the lipid composition of cell membranes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Expression of SREBP-1c Requires SREBP-2-mediated Generation of a Sterol Ligand for LXR in Livers of Mice

    Shunxing Rong et al.
    SREBP-2 directly regulates genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis and indirectly regulates fatty acid synthesis through the production of a ligand responsible for the activation of LXR and SREBP-1c.
    1. Neuroscience

    LAR receptor phospho-tyrosine phosphatases regulate NMDA-receptor responses

    Alessandra Sclip, Thomas C Südhof
    LAR-RPTPs are not essential for synapse formation, but they are important determinants of synapse properties as they contribute to regulate postsynaptic NMDA receptor function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of the liver X receptor LXRα/β in peripheral sensory neurons modifies energy expenditure

    Virginie Mansuy-Aubert et al.
    In sensory neurons, the receptors LXRα and LXRβ sense dietary-derived molecules to regulate whole body energy expenditure, and present a possible target for new anti-obesity agents.
    1. Cell Biology

    Inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis through RNF145-dependent ubiquitination of SCAP

    Li Zhang et al.
    The E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF145 is shown to contribute to crosstalk between the LXR and SREBP-2 pathways in the regulation of cholesterol homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Intact synapse structure and function after combined knockout of PTPδ, PTPσ, and LAR

    Javier Emperador-Melero et al.
    Leukocyte common antigen-related receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (LAR-RPTPs) are precisely localized to synaptic appositions, but do not control the assembly and function of the presynaptic nerve terminal.
    1. Cell Biology

    BHLHE40, a third transcription factor required for insulin induction of SREBP-1c mRNA in rodent liver

    Jing Tian et al.
    Biochemical and genetic studies reveal a third transcription factor, BHLHE40, that together with LXR and C/EBPβ mediates insulin induction of SREBP-1c, which in turn leads to triglyceride accumulation in liver.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The LRR-TM protein PAN-1 interacts with MYRF to promote its nuclear translocation in synaptic remodeling

    Shi-Li Xia et al.
    Identified as a binding factor of transcription factor MYRF, the LRR-TM protein PAN-1 promotes the cell-membrane localization and nuclear translocation of MYRF, which drives synaptic rewiring in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A broadly distributed toxin family mediates contact-dependent antagonism between gram-positive bacteria

    John C Whitney et al.
    Diverse LXG toxins delivered by the Esx pathway function as mediators of contact-dependent interbacterial antagonism within and between Gram-positive bacterial species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamus and claustrum control parallel layer 1 circuits in retrosplenial cortex

    Ellen KW Brennan et al.
    Parallel input streams to layer 1 identify a computationally distinct principal neuronal subtype ideally positioned to support spatial orientation computations in the granular retrosplenial cortex.

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